The minimum academic requirement for entry to a doctoral degree is a UK upper second class undergraduate honours degree and a Master's degree, or equivalent.
The minimum academic requirement for Master's by Research is a UK lower second class undergraduate honours degree, or equivalent. Details of the PhD by Publication, including entry requirements, can be found on our information pages.
If English is not your first language or you are from a country that is not on the UKVI list of English speaking countries , you may be required to provide evidence of your proficiency in the English language. Further information on English language requirements can be found on our information pages.