Research using the SSEVREL facilities spans a range of fields relating to environmental decision-making.
GIS-based visualisation of future landscapes
RELU Biomass - (Andrew Lovett, Trudie Dockerty, Gilla Sünnenberg, Katy Appleton)
Funded under the joint NERC-ESRC Rural Economy and Land Use programme, RELU-Biomass aims to provide a holistic assessment of the potential impacts of increasing rural land use under miscanthus and SRC willow, focusing on two study regions – the South-West and the East Midlands. Physical factors affecting crop growth are balanced against landscape impacts, social acceptance, biodiversity and rural economy; SSEVREL's input relates to sustainability appraisal, social acceptability and landscape impacts, with the use of GIS-based landscape visualisations in stakeholder surveys and meetings. The project is led by Rothamsted Research with other partners at the University of Exeter, the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, and the Game Conservancy Trust.
Habitat Corridors in the Broads - (Andy Jones, Katy Appleton, Andrew Lovett)
A scoping study funded by the Broads Authority, this work used detailed GIS data to produce visualisations of hypothetical land use changes in Broadland, specifically the use of habitat corridors to link Sites of Special Scientific Interest that are currently separated by moderate-intensity agriculture. This initial research is now being built upon by PhD student Paul Munday (see below).
Visualising Future Wetland Landscapes - (Paul Munday, Andy Jones, Katy Appleton)
This PhD project investigates landscape change in the Norfolk Broads over the next 50 years. The project uses scenarios (which contain projections of future socio-economic and climate changes) and three models (future sea-level rise, species distribution and land use change) to investigate landscape change within the Broads area. The intention is to then produce 3-dimensional computer generated visualisations, or futurescapes, of how the area may appear in the future. Finally, I intend to investigate how these types of visualisations can be used to aid decision-making, particularly regarding the management of such sensitive environments.
BRANCH - (Simon Jude, Andy Jones)
Funded by INTERREG IIIB, BRANCH (Biodiversity Requires Adaption in Northwest Europe under a CHanging Climate) advocates change to the spatial planning and land use systems to allow wildlife to adapt to climate change, demonstrating the need for change based on science, and recommending policies and tools to be developed in collaboration with planners. The BRANCH project is part of the Tyndall Centre's Research Program 5, Sustainable Coasts. Work in SSEVREL has created visualisations for a number of study sites on the Hampshire and Isle of Wight coasts. These have been used in stakeholder dialogue with spatial planners, exploring climate-related coastal change and ways in which the planning system might be used to enable and encourage wildlife to adapt to those changes. Project partners include the Environment Agency, Environmental Change Institute, Natural England, Kent and Hampshire County Councils, Alterra, Conservatoire du Littoral, and Provincie Limburg, as well as the Tyndall Centre at Southampton.
AMEWAM - (Andrew Lovett, Gilla Sünnenberg, Katy Appleton)
AMEWAM (Agricultural MEasures for WAter Management) is funded by INTERREG IIIB and is primarily concerned with the evaluation of farming methods that can be used to reduce surface water runoff and soil erosion, which together can lead to flood damage. The work includes stakeholder dialogue and integration of the findings with spatial planning policy, with those dialogues being facilitated by the use of landscape visualisations produced within SSEVREL. Partner organisations are the towns of Schwaigern and Sulzfeld (Germany), The Arable Group (UK) and Dienst Landelijk Gebied (Dutch rural development agency), with coordination by the University of Hohenheim.
Water4All - (Andrew Lovett, Trudie Dockerty, Gilla Sünnenberg, Katy Appleton)
The Water4All project involved partners from the UK, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands working towards sustainable management and improved quality of groundwater. SSEVREL's involvement, through the Environment Agency, led to the production of visualistions showing changes in land use in the Sleaford (Lincolnshire) area which could be implemented to aid groundwater management.
WaterCost - (Andrew Lovett, Trudie Dockerty, Gilla Sünnenberg)
The Watercost project follows on from Water4All, and aims to assist in providing those authorities who are implementing Water Framework Directive with cost-effective and sustainable measures for the management of groundwater quality. Partner organisations are drawn from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK.
Planning and Environmental Decision Making (PEDM) - (Andrea Isoni, Ian Bateman, Graham Loomes, Robert Sugden, Peter Brooks, Brett Day)
This research project investigates a series of issues concerning the economic valuation of environmental goods, which is an essential step in the estimation of the costs and benefits associated with alternative environmental policies. Controlled experiments are conducted in order to study the differences between preference elicitation in market-like environments and via the so-called stated preference techniques. Of particular interest is the impact that feedback has on the valuations individuals express when they repeatedly trade in markets, and how preferences for unfamiliar goods – a category that includes many environmental goods – are affected by consumption experience. These are crucial aspects in the development of reliable elicitation methods for the environmental costs and benefits used in environmental decision making. This is a CSERGE project.
Inferential expectations and financial markets - (Daniel Zizzo, James Watson)
This is joint work with Gordon D. Menzies (UTS and Australian National University, Sydney. One experimental project has been financial determination of exchange rates and inferential expectations, with external funding from the Bank of England, the Nuffield Foundation and the University of Technology, Sydney. James Watson has the lead role on another experimental project, which is on expectations and monetary policy under a credible inflation target.
The value of groups - (Daniel Zizzo, Shaun Hargreaves Heap)
This project has benefited from external funding from the Nuffield Foundation.
Product complexity and markets - (Daniel Zizzo, Stefania Sitzia)
This project benefits from financial support from the UEA ESRC Centre for Competition Policy.
Housing market experiments - (Daniel Zizzo, Maya Elliott)