In 1984 the Home Office commissioned Professor Barry MacDonald to lead a group in CARE (including seconded senior police officers) to lead a major national review of police probationer training in the wake of the Scarman Report following the Brixton and Toxteth riots. The recommendations of the review were broadly accepted and led to CARE under the leadership of Professor John Elliott assisting the Home Office with the development of a new National Curriculum for Police Probationer Training (implemented in 1989).
The Review attracted international attention and led to Professor MacDonald and others in CARE being commissioned to undertake reviews in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia. The Home Office Review also led to CARE playing a major role in training evaluators within the 43 police Forces in England and Wales with responsibility for monitoring the implementation of the new curriculum. More recently in 2003.
Norris, C. & Norris N. (1993) 'Defining Good Policing: The Instrumental and Moral in Approaches to Good Practice and Competence', Policing and Society, Vol. 3 pp. 205 - 221
Elliott, J (1992), ‘Why Put Case Study At The Heart Of Police Training,' in Southgate, P (Ed.) New Directions in Police Training, Home Office.
Norris, N (1992) 'Problems in Police Training', Police Review, Vol. 8 (3) pp. 210 - 221
Over 10 years later Professors John Elliott (CARE) and Saville Kushner (UWE but formerly CARE) were commissioned by the Home Office to undertake a review of the Police Probationer Learning Requirement following an HMIC report on training. The impact was the production of a radical new Learning Requirement and quality indicators, i.e., a general orientation to programme planning and evaluation, for Police Probationer training, complemented by Training and Organisational Requirements.
These established basic guiding principles for the elaboration of up-to-date police probationer training, bridging the gap between police and community in a rapidly changing society of cultural diversity. They emphasised the development of an understanding of and engagement with increasingly complex local communities, alongside enforcing the law, following police procedures, and upholding professional standards. Seven Core Learning Goals structured learning progression, with an emphasis on experiential learning.
The independent review was published in November 2003:
Elliott, J. and, Kushner, S. Learning Requirement for Police Probationer Training in England and Wales. University of the West of England and University of East Anglia. ISBN 1 86043 369 3
Elliott, J. and, Kushner, S. Learning Requirement for Police Probationer Training: The Learning, Training and Organisational Requirements and Evidence Base (2003) University of the West of England and University of East Anglia ISBN 1 86043 348 0