Important notice: data is put on this web site to facilitate the evaluation of global biogeochemical models only. Please refer to the original publications when using these data. Please report any problems to c.lequere(at)uea.ac.uk. We do not take responsability for potential errors found in these datasets. Most files are in netcdf format.
Global mean atmospheric CO2. (txt)
Temperature,salinity and oxygen for 1970: , and 1992. Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church (2011), Observed decreases in oxygen content of the global ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L23602, doi:10.1029/2011GL049513.
Total carbon and alkalinity, Key et al. (2004), Global Biogeochem. Cycles. 18, GB4031.
Anthropogenic carbon , Sabine et al. (2004), Science 305, 367-371.
pCO2, Bakker et al. (2013) SOCAT v2.
pCO2 and CO2 flux, Takahashi et al. (2009), Deep Sea Res. 56, 554-577.
CH4 (gridded (embargoed), raw data at MEMENTO), Buitenhuis, Suntharalingam and Le Quéré (in preparation).
The World Ocean Atlas 2009 is available and netCDF files containing annual ,seasonal or monthly means of oxygen, nitrate, phosphate, silicate, temperature and salinity can be directly downloaded.
Carbon export (interpolated), Schlitzer (2004), J. of Oceanography, 60, 53-62.
Mesozooplankton Data from: Buitenhuis et al. (2006) Biogeochemical fluxes through mesozooplankton. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB2003. Based on (O'Brien et al. 2002, Finenko et al. 2003, Piontkovski and Landry 2003, Beaugrand et al. 2003). Includes CPR data not included in MAREDAT
Phytoplankton seasonal distribution See Alvain S., C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, and H. Loisel. Seasonal distribution and succession of dominant phytoplankton groups in the global ocean: a satellite view (2008) Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22, GB3001.
- Data from:Buitenhuis, E.T., C. Le Quéré, N. Bednarsek, R. Schiebel (2019) Large contribution of pteropods to shallow CaCO3 export. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1029/2018GB006110
- Growth and respiration rates of pteropods, coccolithophores and foraminifers
- Flux rate observations (aragonite production and sedimentation)
- See under Calcifiers above for more data with less metadata. Coccolithophore growth rates (xls sheet). Data from: Buitenhuis, E.T., T. Pangerc, D. Franklin, C. Le Quéré, G. Malin. Growth rates of six coccolithophorid strains as a function of temperature. Limnology and Oceanography, 53 (3) 1181-1185
- Data from:Buitenhuis, E.T., C. Le Quéré, O. Aumont, G. Beaugrand, A. Bunker, A. Hirst, T. Ikeda, T. O'Brien, S. Piontkovski, D. Straile, 2006. Biogeochemical fluxes through mesozooplankton. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB2003, doi: 10.1029/2005GB002511
- gross growth efficiency (Straile97)
- growth rate (Hirst03)
- mortality (recalculated from Hirst & Kiørboe 2002), Appendices to Hirst & Kiørboe (2002)
- routine specific respiration (Ikeda85,01) individual data notes
- partitioning between food respiration and dissolved egestion (Steinberg00, Kremer77, Copping80, Small83);
- unassimilated food (as fecal pellets, Besiktepe02);
- cost of swimming (Torres et al. 1982, Torres & Childress 1983, Buskey 1998);
- Data from:Buitenhuis, E.T., R. Rivkin, S. Sailley, C. Le Quéré (2010) Biogeochemical fluxes through microzooplankton. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB4015, doi:10.1029/2009GB003601
- Flux rate observations
- See auxiliary material for simplified dataset with less metadata.
- Data from: Buitenhuis, E.T., P. Kihiko (subm.) Laboratory experiments on temperature-light interactions in phytoplankton physiology and its effects on phytoplankton distribution in a global biogeochemistry model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2020GB006591
- growth rates of Chlorella stigmatophora
Changes in export production during different stages of the Last Glacial Cycle. Excel file Data from: Kohfeld KE; Le Quéré C; Harrison SP; Anderson RF (2005): Role of marine biology in glacial-interglacial CO2 cycles. Science 308, 74-78