Main lists of published CRU papers

Data and other materials associated with published papers

  • For most papers, the data and any other necessary materials are published alongside the paper (e.g. in supplementary information) or have been made available via relevant data repositories.
  • For some papers, we have made the data and code available on the UEA website

Technical reports

  • CRU have published a series of CRU Research Publication reports, as well as Technical Reports for the US Department of Energy. These are available to download below.

Read CRU research publications and reports

 

CRU Research Publications (CRU RPs) are occasional research reports that, due to various factors such as length, style or intended audience, are not suitable for publishing in the science literature.

The first nine CRU RPs were originally published in hard copy form but are now available in electronic form, while from CRU RP10 onwards they are available only from our website in electronic form.

Three further reports are included in a second table at the bottom of this page.  These were prepared for the US Department of Energy and are included here because they are widely cited but are out of print.

CRU research publications

CRU RP23 - 2018

D. Lister, T. Osborn, P. Jones and G. Darch

An assessment of extreme drought rainfall sequences in stochastic weather-generator output for the greater Anglian region

CRU RP22 - 2018

D. Lister, T. Osborn, P. Jones and G. Darch

Observed droughts in the greater Anglian region since 1920

CRU RP21 - 2018

C. Wilkinson, S. Wilkinson

Report on the Imaging of Sources of Historic Ice, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data in the Southern Ocean – Archive of the Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

CRU RP20 - 2018

C. Wilkinson, S. Wilkinson

Report on the Imaging of Sources of Historic Ice, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data in the Southern Ocean – National Meteorological Archive, Exeter, United Kingdom

CRU RP19 - 2017 (published as CRU RP19 in 2018)

C. Wilkinson, M. Vasquez-Guzman

Report on the Imaging of Sources of Historic Ice, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data in the Southern Ocean – Åland Maritime Museum, Mariehamn, Finland

CRU RP18 - 2016 (published as CRU RP18 in 2018)

C. Wilkinson

Report on the Imaging of Sources of Historic Ice, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data in Antarctic Waters: Christian Salvesen Archive, Edinburgh

CRU RP17 - 2016 (published as CRU RP17 in 2018)

C. Wilkinson C, M. Vasquez-Guzman

Report on the Imaging of Historic Ice, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data in Antarctic Waters: Vestfold Archive, Sandefjord, Norway

CRU RP16 - 2016 (published as CRU RP16 in 2018)

C. Wilkinson

Sources of Historic Meteorological and Oceanographic Data for the North-West Pacific and Sea Areas of China and South-East Asia

CRU RP15 - 2014 (published as CRU RP15 in 2018)

C. Wilkinson

Sources of Historic Sea-Ice Observations for the Southern Hemisphere

CRU RP14 -  2010 (published as CRU RP14 in 2018)

C. Wilkinson and J. Guzman

Historical Meteorological and Oceanographic Data for the Maritime and Coastal Areas of Chile and the Southern Pacific

CRU RP13 - 2009 (published as CRU RP12 in 2012)

C. Wilkinson

British logbooks in UK archives, 20th century – a survey of the range, selection and suitability of British logbooks and related documents for climatic research

CRU RP12 - 2009 (published as CRU RP12 in 2012)

C. Wilkinson

British logbooks in UK archives, 17th–19th centuries – a survey of the range, selection and suitability of British logbooks and related documents for climatic research

CRU RP11  - 2005 (published as CRU RP11 in 2012)

C. M. Goodess et al.

An intercomparison of statistical downscaling methods for Europe and European regions -- assessing their performance with respect to extreme temperature and precipitation events

CRU RP10 - 2004 (published as CRU RP10 in 2012)

T. J. Osborn, K. R. Briffa, F. H. Schweingruber and P. D. Jones

Annually resolved patterns of summer temperature over the Northern Hemisphere since AD 1400 from a tree-ring-density network

CRU RP9 - 1988

B. D. Santer

Regional validation of general circulation models

CRU RP8 - 1984

P. D. Jones, A. E. J. Ogilvie and T. M. L. Wigley

Riverflow Data for the United Kingdom: Reconstructed Data Back to 1844 and Historical Data Back to 1556

CRU RP7 - 1980

A. H. Perry and T. Fearnside

Northern hemisphere pentad (5 day) mean sea level pressure values for the period 1951-1970 and comparisons with earlier epochs

CRU RP6a - 1979

K. S. Douglas, H. H. Lamb

Weather Observations and a Tentative Meteorological Analysis of the Period May to July 1588

CRU RP6 - 1978

K. S. Douglas, H. H. Lamb and C. Loader

A Meteorological Study of July-October 1588: The Spanish Armada Storms

CRU RP5 - 1976

H. H. Lamb

Understanding climatic change and its relevance to the world food problem

CRU RP4 - 1975

P. B. Wright

An Index of the Southern Oscillation

CRU RP3 - 1974

H. H. Lamb

The Current Trend of World Climate - A Report on the Early 1970s and a Perspective

CRU RP2 - 1974

H. H. Lamb (editor)

Mapping the atmospheric and oceanic circulations and other climatic parameters at the time of the Last Glacial Maximum about 17000 years ago: collected abstracts of the international (CLIMAP) conference held at Norwich in May 1973

CRU RP1 - 1973

H. H. Lamb

The seasonal progression of the general atmospheric circulation affecting the North Atlantic and Europe

Reports for the US Department of Energy 

USDoE TR017 - 1985

R. S. Bradley, P. M. Kelly, P. D. Jones, H. F. Diaz and C. Goodess (Appendix A only)

A climatic data bank for the Northern Hemisphere land areas, 1851-1980

USDoE TR022 - 1985

P. D. Jones et al.

A grid point surface air temperature data set for the Northern Hemisphere

USDoE TR027 - 1986

P. D. Jones, S. C. B. Raper, C. M. Goodess, B. S. G. Cherry and T. M. L. Wigley    PDF

A grid point surface air temperature data set for the Southern Hemisphere, 1851-1984

Tiempo bulletin

  • CRU co-edited and co-published the Tiempo bulletin from 1991 to 2011, to promote communication between the nations of the North and South on the issue of climate change and to promote the interests of developing nations in the climate debate. Copies of the Tiempo bulletin (1997-2011) are available online.

PhD theses

You can read PhD theses below.

Read PhD theses

 
Author Title Year Principal Supervisor
Airey, M.J. An evaluation of GCM simulations of precipitation on monthly and daily time-scales 1996 Hulme, Dr M.
Almazroui, M. The relationships between atmospheric circulation patterns and surface climatic elements in Saudi Arabia 2006 Jones, Prof. P.
Barichivich, J. Responses of boreal vegetation to recent climate change. 2014 Briffa, Prof. K.
Barrow, E.M. On the construction and evaluation of scenarios of climate change for use in crop-climate models 1999 Hulme, Dr M.
Barthelmie, R.J. Prediction of on- and off-shore wind speeds for wind energy applications 1991 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Beresford, A.K.S. Recent climatic change in East Africa, in relation to lake-level fluctuations 1982 Davies, Prof. T.D.
Blenkinsop, S. Extreme daily temperature and precipitation events in north western Europe and the role of atmospheric circulation 2006 Jones, Dr. P.
Bohn, L.E. Seasonal climate forecasts in Swaziland; the producer-user interface 2003 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Briffa, K.R. Tree-climate relationships and dendroclimatological reconstruction in the British Isles 1984 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
Brooks, N.K.J. Dust-climate interactions in the Sahel-Sahara zone of northern Africa, with particular reference to the late twentieth century sahelian drought 1999 Hulme, Dr. M.
Burgess, P.E. Premature climatic and cryospheric change on millennial timescales: an assessment using two-dimensional climate modelling studies 1998 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Busby, S.J. Simulating patterns and causes of North American drought: a case study using the HADCM3 general circulation model 2010 Briffa, Prof. K.
Caesar, J. The Influence of sea surface temperature patterns on the Winter Monsoon over Southeast Asia 2002 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Choi, B.C. On the relationship between Eurasian snow cover, Asian summer rainfall, atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature. 2000 Davies, Prof. T.D.
Conway, D. The development of a grid-based hydrologic model of the Blue Nile and the sensitivity of Nile water discharge to climate change 1993 Hulme, Dr. M.
Cornes, R.C. Early meteorological data from London and Paris: extending the North Atlantic Oscillation Series 2010 Jones, Prof P.D.
Dambul, R. The relationships between large-scale atmospheric circulation and surface climate: a case study for Borneo Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2007 Jones, Prof. P.
Eriksen, S.H. Responding to global change: vulnerability and management of local agro-ecosystems in Kenya and Tanzania 2000 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Forster, J. Vulnerability of tourism-dependent Caribbean islands to climate change 2010 Watkinson, Prof. A.
Foxall, D.W. Daily rainfall variability in southern Central Africa: an analysis of recent and future behaviour 2004 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Goodess, C. The construction of daily rainfall scenarios for Mediterranean sites using a circulation-type approach to downscaling 2000 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Gray, B.M. The statistical analysis of rainfall and it's reconstruction from tree rings 1981 Lamb, Prof. H.H.
Guo, X. An assessment of mesoscale wind modelling techniques in complex terrain 1989 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Hannah, P. Application of wind modelling techniques in complex terrain 1993 Vincent, Dr. C.E.
Hanson, C.E. A cyclone climatology of the North Atlantic and its implications for the insurance market 2001 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Harding, A.E. Changes in Mediterranean climate extremes: patterns, causes and impacts of change 2007 Goodess, Dr. C.
Hassan, W.A.W. Modelling the impact of Southeast Asian deforestation on climate and atmospheric circulation 1999 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Haylock, M. Interannual variability of mean and extreme rainfall and relationship with large scale circulation 2005 Jones, Prof P.D.
Hoar, M. Statistical downscaling from an earth system model of intermediate complexity to reconstruct past climate gradients across the British Isles 2003 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Holt, T. The effect of proposed Soviet river diversions on Arctic sea ice processes 1991 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Huy, L.Q. Climate change adaptation: engaging local society in the research process 2010 Kelly, Dr. P.M.; Dr. I. Lorenzoni
Jones, C.G. Tropical cyclone forecasting with a limited area model 1993 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
Jones, J.M. Implications of climate change for acidic deposition over Europe (2 vols) 1997 Davies, Prof. T.D.
Kelly, P.M. Climatic change in the North Sea Region 1975 Lamb, Prof. H.H.
Kentarchos, A.S. Background tropospheric ozone over Europe 1997 Davies, Prof. T.D.
Kostopoulou, E. The relationships between atmospheric circulation patterns and surface climatic elements in the eastern Mediterranean 2003 Jones, Prof. P.
Lai, I-C The relationship between tropospheric ozone and atmospheric circulation in Taiwan  2010 Brimblecombe, Prof P.
Lampkin, S.J. Exploring why individuals acquire the motivation to mitigate climate change Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2010 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Livermore, M.T.J. The potential impacts of climate change in Europe: the role of extreme temperatures 2005 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Lough, J.M. Atlantic sea surface temperatures and weather in Africa 1991 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
Matthews, A. An empirical model of Sahel climate 2006 Jones, Prof. P.
Mavromatis, T. Impact of different methods of climate change scenario construction in the yield of winter wheat using crop growth simulation models 1997 Jones, Dr. P.
May, C.

The use and application of performance metrics with regional climate models

2016 Goodess, Dr. C.
Mayes, P.R. Atmospheric circulation trends in southern South Australia and the Antarctic Peninsula area 1981 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
McSweeney, C. Daily rainfall variability at point and areal scales: evaluating simulations of present and future climate 2007 Osborn, Dr. T.
Melvin, T.M. Historical growth rates and changing climatic sensitivity of boreal conifers Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2004 Briffa, Prof. K.
Mitchell, T.M. An investigation of the pattern scaling technique for describing future climates Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2001 Hulme, Dr. M.
O'Callaghan, A. Dynamical Influences of Sudden Stratospheric Warmings on Surface Climate 2016 Joshi, Dr. M.
Ogilvie, A.E.J. Climate & society in Iceland from the medieval period to the late eighteenth century 1981 Lamb, Prof. H.H.
Okwany, V.O. Climate and vegetation relationships in south-western Kenya and the potential impacts of a warmer world 1991 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
O'Neill, S.J. An iconic approach to representing climate change Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2008 Hulme, Prof. M.
Osborn, T.J. Internally-generated variability in some ocean models on decadal to millennial timescales 1995 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
Raper, S.C.B. Variations in the incidence of tropical cyclones and relationships with the global circulation 1978 Lamb, Prof. H.H.
Salas Flores, M.A. Assessing the variability of long-term Mexican instrumental records and the ENSO Modulating Force 2008 Jones, Prof. P.
Santer, B.D. Regional validation of general circulation models 1987 Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
Schuepbach, E. Vertical atmospheric transport and surface ozone 1994 Davies, Prof. T.D.
Screen, J.A. The Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Response to the Southern Annular Mode Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2009 Gillett, Dr. N.
Sear, C.B. Atlantic Arctic sea ice variations 1984 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Simpson, I. Precipitation viability across the UK: observations and model simulations Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2012 Jones, Prof. P.
Sirabaha, S. The Influence of El Nino Southern Oscillation on climate in Southeast Asia 2004 Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Slonosky, V.C. Variability in surface atmospheric circulation over Europe from early instrumental records 1999 Jones, Prof. P.
Swann, M.J. Seasonal forecasting of exterme wind and precipitation frequencies in Europe Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2009 Jones, Prof. P.
Thorne, P.W. Advancing climate change detection and attribution studies in the free atmosphere 2001 Jones, Dr. P.
Townsend, A. Tracking the time-dependent evolution of extremes under climate change 2007 Palutikof, Prof. J.; Osborn, Dr.T.
Trigo, I.F. A Climatology of cyclones in the Mediterranean Region 2000 Davies, Prof. T.D.
Trigo, R.M. Improving meteorological downscaling methods with artificial neural network models 2000 Palutikof, Dr. J.
Vial, J. Climate model simulations of winter northern hemisphere atmospheric blocking: statistical assessment, dynamical perspective, regional impacts and future change Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2012 Osborn, Dr. T.J.
Wallace, C. Variability in the annual cycle of temperature and atmospheric circulation 2003 Osborn, Dr. T.; Kelly, Dr. P.M.
Willett, K.M. Creation and analysis of HadCRUH: a new global surface humidity dataset 2007 Jones, Prof. P.
Williams, L.D. Investigation of the onset of glaciation in northern Canada using an energy balance snow model 1978 Boulton Dr. G.
Williams, M. Development of a spatially explicit forest succession model 1994 Warwick; Dr. R.;Wigley, Prof. T.M.L.
Xu, G. Diagnosis of the atmospheric hydrological cycle and its variability in the present-day climate 2016 Osborn, Dr. T.J.
Yu, R.M.S. European droughts under climate change: projections and uncertainties Warning! Links to a large, single pdf file 2013 Osborn, Dr. T.J.

 

Papers

Read CRU papers

 

Bao Yang, Chun Qin, Jianglin Wang, Minhui He, Thomas M. Melvin, Timothy J. Osborn and Keith R. Briffa (2014)
A 3,500-year tree-ring record of annual precipitation on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, p. 2903-2908

Thomas M. Melvin and Keith R. Briffa (2013)
CRUST: Software for the implementation of Regional Chronology Standardisation: Part 1. Signal-Free RCS

Dendrochronologia doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2013.06.002

Thomas M. Melvin and Keith R. Briffa
CRUST: Climatic Research Unit Standardisation of Tree-ring data A computer program for the production of chronologies representing the variance of tree-growth over time.

Keith R. Briffa, Thomas M. Melvin, Timothy J. Osborn, RashitM. Hantemirov, Alexander V. Kirdyanov, Valeriy Mazepa, Stepan G. Shiyatov and Jan Esper (2013)
Reassessing the evidence for tree-growth and inferred temperature change during the Common Era in Yamalia, northwest Siberia.
Quaternary Science Reviews, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.04.008

Richard J. Cooper, Thomas M. Melvin, Ian Tyers, Rob J.S. Wilson and Keith R. Briffa (2012)
A tree-ring reconstruction of East Anglian (UK) hydroclimate variability over the last millennium
Climate Dynamics, 39

Melvin, TM, Grudd, H and Briffa, KR (2012) 
Potential bias in 'updating' tree-ring chronologies using regional curve standardisation: Re-processing 1500 years of Torneträsk density and ring-width data 
Holocene, 22 (11)

Keith R. Briffa, Vladimir V. Shishov, Thomas M. Melvin, Eugene A. Vaganov, Haken Grudd, Rashit M. Hantemirov, Matti Eronen and Muktar M. Naurzbaev (2008)
Trends in recent temperature and radial tree growth spanning 2000 years across northwest Eurasia.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 363, p. 2271-2284

Keith R. Briffa, Timothy J. Osborn, Fritz H. Schweingruber, Ian C. Harris, Philip D. Jones, Stepan G. Shiyatov, Eugene A. Vaganov (2001) 
Low-frequency temperature variations from a northern tree ring density network.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, p. 2929-2941

Keith R. Briffa (2000) 
Annual climate variability in the Holocene: interpreting the message of ancient trees.
Quaternary Science Reviews, 19, p. 87-105

Briffa, KR, Jones, PD, Schweingruber, FH, Shiyatov, SG and Cook, ER (1995) 
Unusual twentieth-century summer warmth in a 1,000-year temperature record from Siberia 
Nature, 376 (6536). pp. 156-159

Briffa, KR, Jones, PD and Schweingruber, FH (1994) 
Summer temperatures across northern North America: Regional reconstructions from 1760 using tree-ring densities 
Journal of Geophysical Research, 99 (D12). pp. 25835-25844

Briffa, KR, Jones, PD and Schweingruber, FH (1992) 
Tree-ring density reconstructions of summer temperature patterns across Western North America since 1600 
Journal of Climate, 5 (7). pp. 735-754

Briffa, KR, Jones, PD, Bartholin, TS, Eckstein, D, Schweingruber, FH, Karlen, W, Zetterberg, P and Eronen, M (1992) 
Fennoscandian summers from AD 500: Temperature changes on short and long timescales 
Climate Dynamics, 7 (3)

Briffa, KR, Bartholin, TS, Eckstein, D, Jones, PD, Karlén, W, Schweingruber, FH and Zetterberg, P (1990) 
A 1,400-year tree-ring record of summer temperatures in Fennoscandia 
Nature, 346 (6283). pp. 434-439