Researchers identify brain command centre for tool use

Published by  News archive

On 8th Jun 2022

A doctor performs a brain scan.
Getty images

New research shows for the first time the brain regions that determine how to correctly handle tools – a crucial development for managing some types of brain damage and dementia.

The findings from the University of East Anglia (UEA) could help better understand the problems with object use found in several neurological conditions associated with temporal lobe damage, such as some forms of dementia (e.g., semantic dementia).

In addition, it could help develop better devices or rehabilitation for people who have lost function in their limbs due to brain injury. It could even contribute to the creation of next generation neuroprosthetics, allowing people without limbs to control prosthetics with their minds.

The discovery could also provide insight into how the brain evolved to support the use of tools, a defining feature of the human species.

Lead researcher, Dr Stéphanie Rossit of UEA’s School of Psychology, said: “The research shows for the first time that brain regions in the anterior part of the temporal lobe (underneath the ears) represent how to correctly handle tools. While many neuroscientific theories had proposed this before, we are the first team to provide actual research data to support this. 

“This brain region has been studied for more than a century as it is thought to store general knowledge and meaning about the world that surrounds us. Here we show that it stores important information for correctly interacting with real-world objects.” 

The team used an MRI scanner to collect brain imaging data while 20 participants interacted with 3D objects. Using a special imaging technique called functional MRI (fMRI), they measured activity throughout the brain. 

The participants manipulated a spoon, a knife and a pizza cutter, and were also given elongated shapes that did not represent tools and asked to grasp the objects by their handles. 

Dr Rossit said: “Throughout all aspects of experimentation, the stimuli were purposefully referred to as ‘objects’ rather than tools. Since participants were not required to form intentions of using these tools, or even process their identities, our results demonstrate that tool representations are automatically triggered. 

“Knowing not to grasp an object – like a knife, by its blade – is critical. By examining neuroimaging evidence, we can see the anterior temporal cortex represents conceptual information about tools, like the usual locations we should grasp them for use.” 

The data, code and materials used in the project have been made openly available by the research team so that it is more transparent and can be re-used by other research teams around the world to advance the field. 

The study was carried out by Dr Ethan Knights, who scanned the brain of volunteers at the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, and in collaboration with Dr Fraser W. Smith, also at UEA.  

Dr Knights said: “Our work is a great example of how machine-learning can be applied to brain-imaging data for understanding how the brain works.” 

The research was funded by BIAL Foundation and Drs Rossit and Smith have just secured a new grant from British Academy/Leverhulme Trust to investigate how different uses of hand-held tools are represented in the brain. 

'The role of the anterior temporal cortex in action: evidence from fMRI multivariate searchlight analysis during real object grasping’, is published June 5, 2022 in Scientific Reports. 

Latest News

A nurse interacting with a patient.
21 Sep 2023

Nurses worldwide rely on intuition to triage patients

Nurses around the world use intuition to work out how sick a patient is before triaging for treatment – according to new research from the University of East...

Read more >
Francessca Turrell
18 Sep 2023

UEA nursing apprentice’s sky-high dive for Alzheimer's and Dementia awareness

On Sunday 24 September, University of East Anglia (UEA) nursing apprentice Francessca Turrell will be taking part in a charity skydive for Alzheimer’s Society, a...

Read more >
Logo Rewind's yellow book cover with black symbols
14 Sep 2023

New book to focus on Norwich’s medieval logos

‘Logo Rewind: Trademarks of Medieval Norwich’ is a new book from UEA Publishing Project, in collaboration with CreativeUEA and featuring the work of Darren...

Read more >
13 Sep 2023

UEA students discover new room location following RAAC accommodation closures

Over 700 University of East Anglia (UEA) students have discovered where their new university homes will be located, following the closure of some accommodation...

Read more >
Are you searching for something?
13 Sep 2023

UEA students discover new room location following RAAC accommodation closures

Over 700 University of East Anglia (UEA) students have discovered where their new university homes will be located, following the closure of some accommodation...

Read more >
(L-R) Chris Law MP, Dr Martin Scott, Renu Mehta
13 Sep 2023

New report from UEA Academic asks whether UK Aid Match has been used for ‘charity washing’, ahead of Westminster event

A new report from the University of East Anglia’s Dr Martin Scott into the Government’s UK Aid Match (UKAM) scheme has led to concerns of ‘charity washing’, with...

Read more >
Claudio Barchiesi with his bike and a United Kingdom flag
12 Sep 2023

Pedalling with purpose: UEA student’s fundraising cycle from Italy to England

A student at the University of East Anglia (UEA) has completed a charity cycling trip from his hometown in Italy to his grandparent’s house in Suffolk, to raise...

Read more >
Student accommodation buildings
11 Sep 2023

University of East Anglia accommodation closes following Government RAAC guidance

Read more >
A gloved hand holding a petri dish
11 Sep 2023

The University of East Anglia is set to re-join Horizon Europe

Read more >
A man speaking to a doctor.
08 Sep 2023

British sex lives revealed in new study

A new study published today shows the number of sexual partners we have changes as we age – and there are some surprising results. 

Read more >
Two women and a man stood together smiling at the camera
07 Sep 2023

UEA celebrates nurse’s six decades of local service with Honorary Fellowship award

With more than 60 years of nursing experience, Lesley Williams’ inspirational work across the region has been recognised with an Honorary Fellowship from the...

Read more >