Pat obtained LL.B (with Second Class Honours) from Chulalongkorn University, Thailand; and Master of Public and International law from University of Melbourne (Australia). Apart from legal education, he also obtained a Master in ASEAN Studies (with distinction) from University of Malaya (Malaysia). He is currently a law lecturer at Chulalongkorn University (Thailand). Pat started his Ph.D at UEA in 2015 with a scholarship from Chulalongkorn University. He was also awarded a Vice-Chancellor’s International Partnership Doctoral Scholar Award from UEA.

Key Research Interests

Pat has a deep interest in public law and regionalism, especially freedom of assembly and freedom of speech in Southeast Asia. He is researching on law and regulations governing public assemblies in Southeast Asian hybrid regimes. A hybrid regime is a regime that is neither full authoritarianism nor considered a democracy. It embraces some democratic features but retains authoritarian style of governing. Therefore, a hybrid regime maintains its power differently from an authoritarianism or a democracy. In general, hybrid regimes create election-proofed mechanism and street-proofed mechanism to sustain their regimes. His research argues that law and regulations on public assembly in Southeast Asian nations trend to show similar pattern. As hybrid regimes are facing more street protests in the 21st century, specific legislation on public assembly were introduced and implemented in a way that limit freedom of assembly significantly. They were systematically designed to create legal platform for hybrid regimes’ rulers to gain advantage over public assemblies such as demonstration and street protests.

Pat’s research of protest law in hybrid regimes offer a comparative perspective on how freedom of assembly is managed through legal mechanisms and explain how hybrid regimes in his region have been able to avoid democratisation attempts. He argues that dictators can disguise themselves under the appearance of democracy by manipulating freedom of assembly and using mass mobilisation to achieve political goals. In short, Pat’s research could explain why after many waves of mass mobilisations, Southeast Asian cannot bring about a sustainable democratic society.