Biography

I am an oceanographer interested in the key physical processes in the ocean and the role they play in our climate system.  I first became interested in the field of physical oceanography when I was working on near-inertial waves and ocean eddies as a PhD candidate in the Department of Oceanography at Dalhousie University.  After I finished my PhD at Dalhousie, I went to IFM-GEOMAR in Kiel, working in the Theory and Modelling group for one year as one of the institute-funded post-doctoral researchers.  I then spent three years in the ocean group at the University of Oxford before I joined the School of Environmental Sciences at UEA as a Lecturer in Ocean Modelling in February 2012.


PhD Studentships Available


The life cycle of wind-driven energy in the ocean

 

PhD Positions

Click here for other current PhD opportunities in the School of Environmental Sciences.  However, feel free to email me to discuss projects outside these areas and alternative sources of funding.


 

Website: http://www.uea.ac.uk/~xam12yru/

Career History

  • Senior Lecturer in Ocean Modelling, University of East Anglia (08/2017 - present)
  • Lecturer in Ocean Modelling, University of East Anglia (02/2012 - 08/2017)
  • PDRA in Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, University of Oxford (02/2009 - 01/2012)
  • Postdoc in IFM-GEOMAR, Germany (02/2008 - 01/2009) 

All Publications

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Lin, X., Zhai, X., Wang, Z., Munday, D. R.

(2018)

Mean, variability and trend of Southern Ocean wind stress: Role of wind fluctuations,

in Journal of Climate

31

(9)

pp. 3557–3573

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhou, S., Zhai, X., Renfrew, I.

(2018)

The Impact of High-Frequency Weather Systems on SST and Surface Mixed Layer in the Central Arabian Sea,

in Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans

123

(2)

pp. 1091-1104

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Wu, Y., Zhai, X., Wang, Z.

(2017)

Decadal-mean impact of including ocean surface currents in bulk formulas on surface air-sea fluxes and ocean general circulation,

in Journal of Climate

30

(23)

pp. 9511–9525

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhai, X.

(2017)

Dependence of energy flux from the wind to surface inertial currents on the scale of atmospheric motions,

in Journal of Physical Oceanography

47

(11)

pp. 2711–2719

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhai, X.

(2017)

The annual cycle of surface eddy kinetic energy and its influence on eddy momentum fluxes as inferred from altimeter data,

in Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology

2

(2)

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Munday, D. R., Zhai, X.

(2017)

The Impact of Atmospheric Storminess on the Sensitivity of Southern Ocean Circulation to Wind Stress Changes,

in Ocean Modelling

115

pp. 14–26

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Li, J., Wang, G., Zhai, X.

(2017)

Observed cold filaments associated with mesoscale eddies in the South China Sea,

in Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans

122

(1)

pp. 762–770

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Xu, C., Zhai, X., Shang, X.

(2016)

Work done by atmospheric winds on mesoscale ocean eddies,

in Geophysical Research Letters

43

(23)

pp. 12174–12180

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Wu, Y., Zhai, X., Wang, Z.

(2016)

Impact of synoptic atmospheric forcing on the mean ocean circulation,

in Journal of Climate

29

(16)

pp. 5709–5724

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Aiki, H., Zhai, X., Greatbatch, R. J.

(2016)

Energetics of the global ocean: The role of mesoscale eddies,

in Indo-Pacific Climate Variability and Predictability.

World Scientific

pp. 109-134

ISBN 978-981-4696-61-6

(Chapter (peer-reviewed))

(Published)


Zhai, X.

(2015)

Latitudinal dependence of wind-induced near-inertial energy,

in Journal of Physical Oceanography

45

(12)

pp. 3025–3032

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Munday, D., Zhai, X.

(2015)

Sensitivity of Southern Ocean circulation to wind stress changes: Role of relative wind stress,

in Ocean Modelling

95

pp. 15–24

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Dippe, T., Zhai, X., Greatbatch, R. J., Rath, W.

(2015)

Interannual variability of wind power input to near-inertial motions in the North Atlantic,

in Ocean Dynamics

65

(6)

article no. ODYN-D-14-00146

pp. 859-875

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhai, X., Munday, D.

(2014)

Sensitivity of Southern Ocean overturning to wind stress changes: Role of surface restoring time scales,

in Ocean Modelling

84

article no. OCEMOD_920

pp. 12-25

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhai, X., Johnson, H. L., Marshall, D. P.

(2014)

A Simple Model of the Response of the Atlantic to the North Atlantic Oscillation,

in Journal of Climate

27

(11)

pp. 4052-4069

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Rath, W., Greatbatch, R. J., Zhai, X.

(2014)

On the spatial and temporal distribution of near-inertial energy in the Southern Ocean,

in Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans

119

(1)

pp. 359-376

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhai, X.

(2013)

On the wind mechanical forcing of the ocean general circulation,

in Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans

118

(12)

pp. 6561-6577

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Marshall, D. P., Vogel, B., Zhai, X.

(2013)

Rossby rip currents,

in Geophysical Research Letters

40

(16)

pp. 4333-4337

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Thomas, M., Zhai, X.

(2013)

Eddy-induced variability of the meridional overturning circulation in a model of the North Atlantic: Eddy-Induced AMOC variability,

in Geophysical Research Letters

40

(11)

pp. 2742-2747

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zhai, X., Wunsch, C.

(2013)

On the Variability of Wind Power Input to the Oceans with a Focus on the Subpolar North Atlantic,

in Journal of Climate

26

(11)

pp. 3892-3903

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


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Key Research Interests

My main interest is the key physical processes in the ocean, and the role they play in global climate variability and change. Whenever possible, I like to first develop some simple analytical theories and then test them using a hierarchy of numerical models and available observations.  My recent research topics include: Dynamics of ocean general circulation and its variability; Role of eddies in the ocean; Near-inertial waves and mixing; Ocean energetics; Air-sea interactions.

Publications: EPrints Digital Repository

Professional Activities

  • Co-organiser of workshop on Atmosphere and Ocean Dynamics in Liverpool 2014
  • External examiner for PhD viva at Imperial College 2013
  • Invited speaker at the EGU General Assembly 2012
  • Co-organiser of the UK Ocean Modelling workshop at UEA 2012

Key Responsibilities

  • Course Director, BSc/MSci Meteorology and Oceanography