Biography

After getting a doctorate at the University of Oxford I was a US National Research Council postdoctoral fellow at the NASA Ames Research Centre in California, studying the atmosphere and climate of Mars, and contributing to planning for space missions.  At that time I also worked on constructing theoretical and computer-based models to predict the properties of the climates of exoplanets- these are planets orbiting stars other than the Sun.  I also spent a year as a scientist at the SETI institute (doing more research on planetary climates - not hunting for aliens).  I then moved earthwards to the Department of Meteorology at the University of Reading, where I worked on physical models of climate and climate change.  After some time as a research scientist at the Met Office, I returned to Reading as a senior scientist at the National Centre for Atmospheric Science, before coming to UEA.

Academic Background

My research focus started in planetary science but has slowly moved onto the theory and modelling of the Earth's atmosphere and climate.

As well as the publications tab above, more details on my research publications are available on my google scholar and researcherid webpages

The activities tab has more details on research-related outreach and publicity

PhD Positions

Click here for other current PhD opportunities in Environmental Sciences or feel free to email me to discuss projects outside these areas and alternative sources of funding.

Highlighted Publications

See All

Hawkins, E., Ortega, P., Suckling, E., Schurer, A., Hegerl, G., Jones, P., Joshi, M., Osborn, T. J., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mignot, J., Thorne, P., van Oldenborgh, G. J.

(2017)

Estimating changes in global temperature since the pre-industrial period,

in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., von Glasow, R., Smith, R. S., Paxton, C. G. M., Maycock, A. C., Lunt, D. J., Loptson, C., Markwick, P.

(2017)

Global warming and ocean stratification: a potential result of large extraterrestrial impacts,

in Geophysical Research Letters

44.

pp. 3841–3848

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Frame, D., Joshi, M., Hawkins, E., Harrington, L. J., de Roiste, M.

(2017)

Population-based emergence of unfamiliar climates,

in Nature Climate Change

7.

pp. 407–411

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Van Der Wiel, K., Matthews, A., Joshi, M., Stevens, D.

(2016)

Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal,

in Climate Dynamics

46.

pp. 1683-1698

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Cullum, J., Stevens, D., Joshi, M.

(2016)

The importance of ocean salinity for climate and habitability,

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

113.

pp. 4278-4283

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Harrington, L., Frame, D., Fischer, E., Hawkins, E., Joshi, M., Jones, C.

(2016)

Poorest countries experience earlier anthropogenic emergence of daily temperature extremes,

in Environmental Research Letters

11.

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Nowack, P., Abraham, N. L., Maycock, A. C., Braesicke, P., Gregory, J. M., Joshi, M., Osprey, A., Pyle, J. A.

(2015)

A large ozone-circulation feedback and its implications for global warming assessments,

in Nature Climate Change

5.

pp. 41-45

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Hawkins, E., Anderson, B., Diffenbaugh, N., Mahlstein, I., Betts, R., Hegerl, G., Joshi, M., Knutti, R., McNeall, D., Solomon, S., Sutton, R., Syktus, J., Vecchi, G.

(2014)

Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates,

in Nature

511.

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Hawkins, E., Joshi, M., Frame, D.

(2014)

Wetter then drier in some tropical areas,

in Nature Climate Change

4.

pp. 646-647

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Williams, P. D., Joshi, M.

(2013)

Intensification of winter transatlantic aviation turbulence in response to climate change,

in Nature Climate Change

3.

pp. 644-648

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M. M., Lambert, F. H., Webb, M. J.

(2013)

An explanation for the difference between twentieth and twenty-first century land–sea warming ratio in climate models,

in Climate Dynamics

41.

pp. 1853-1869

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Haberle, R.

(2012)

Suppression of the Water Ice and Snow Albedo Feedback on Planets Orbiting Red Dwarf Stars and the Subsequent Widening of the Habitable Zone,

in Astrobiology

12.

pp. 3-8

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Hawkins, E., Sutton, R., Lowe, J., Frame, D.

(2011)

Projections of when temperature change will exceed 2 °C above pre-industrial levels,

in Nature Climate Change

1.

pp. 407-412

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Gregory, J., Webb, M., Sexton, D., Johns, T.

(2008)

Mechanisms for the land/sea warming contrast exhibited by simulations of climate change,

in Climate Dynamics

30.

pp. 455-465

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Shine, K., Ponater, M., Stuber, N., Sausen, R., Li, L.

(2003)

A comparison of climate response to different radiative forcings in three general circulation models: Towards an improved metric of climate change,

in Climate Dynamics

20.

pp. 843-854

UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Young, R.

(2002)

Is the mean Venusian tropospheric circulation unsteady?,

in Geophysical Research Letters

29.

pp. 6.1-6.4

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Keating, G., Bougher, S., Zurek, R., Tolson, R., Cancro, G., Noll, S., Parker, J., Schellenberg, T., Shane, R., Wilkerson, B., Murphy, J., Hollingsworth, J., Haberle, R., Joshi, M., Pearl, J., Conrath, B., Smith, M., Clancy, R., Blanchard, R., Wilmoth, R., Rault, D., Martin, T., Lyons, D., Esposito, P., Johnston, M., Whetzel, C., Justus, C., Babicke, J.

(1998)

The structure of the upper atmosphere of Mars: In situ accelerometer measurements from Mars Global Surveyor,

in Science

279.

pp. 1672-1676

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Haberle, R., Reynolds, R.

(1997)

Simulations of the Atmospheres of Synchronously Rotating Terrestrial Planets Orbiting M Dwarfs: Conditions for Atmospheric Collapse and the Implications for Habitability,

in Icarus

129.

pp. 450-465

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Lewis, S., Read, P., Catling, D.

(1994)

Western boundary currents in the atmosphere of Mars,

in Nature

367.

pp. 548-552

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


All Publications

See Highlights
<- Page 1 of 4 ->

Hawkins, E., Ortega, P., Suckling, E., Schurer, A., Hegerl, G., Jones, P., Joshi, M., Osborn, T. J., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mignot, J., Thorne, P., van Oldenborgh, G. J.

(2017)

Estimating changes in global temperature since the pre-industrial period,

in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., von Glasow, R., Smith, R. S., Paxton, C. G. M., Maycock, A. C., Lunt, D. J., Loptson, C., Markwick, P.

(2017)

Global warming and ocean stratification: a potential result of large extraterrestrial impacts,

in Geophysical Research Letters

44

(8)

pp. 3841–3848

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Frame, D., Joshi, M., Hawkins, E., Harrington, L. J., de Roiste, M.

(2017)

Population-based emergence of unfamiliar climates,

in Nature Climate Change

7

pp. 407–411

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Rai, P., Joshi, M., Dimri, A. P., Turner, A. G.

(2017)

The role of potential vorticity anomalies in the Somali Jet on Indian Summer Monsoon Intraseasonal Variability,

in Climate Dynamics

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(E-pub ahead of print)


Van Der Wiel, K., Matthews, A., Joshi, M., Stevens, D.

(2016)

Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal,

in Climate Dynamics

46

(5-6)

pp. 1683-1698

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Xu, G., Osborn, T. J., Matthews, A. J., Joshi, M. M.

(2016)

Different atmospheric moisture divergence responses to extreme and moderate El Niños,

in Climate Dynamics

47

(1)

pp. 393-410

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Van Der Wiel, K., Matthews, A., Joshi, M., Stevens, D.

(2016)

The influence of diabatic heating in the South Pacific Convergence Zone on Rossby wave propagation and the mean flow,

in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society

142

(695)

pp. 901-910

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Cullum, J., Stevens, D., Joshi, M.

(2016)

The importance of ocean salinity for climate and habitability,

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

113

(16)

pp. 4278-4283

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Harrington, L., Frame, D., Fischer, E., Hawkins, E., Joshi, M., Jones, C.

(2016)

Poorest countries experience earlier anthropogenic emergence of daily temperature extremes,

in Environmental Research Letters

11

(5)

article no. 055007

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Behrens, E., Rickard, G., Morgenstern, O., Martin, T., Osprey, A., Joshi, M.

(2016)

Southern Ocean deep convection in global climate models: A driver for variability of subpolar gyres and Drake Passage transport on decadal time scales,

in Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans

121

(6)

pp. 3905-3925

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Liddicoat, S., Booth, B., Joshi, M.

(2016)

An investigation into linearity with cumulative emissions of the climate and carbon cycle response in HadCM3LC,

in Environmental Research Letters

11

(6)

article no. 065003

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Williams, P., Joshi, M.

(2016)

Clear-Air Turbulence in a Changing Climate,

in Aviation Turbulence: Processes, Detection, Prediction.

Springer

ISBN 978-3-319-23629-2

Full Text

(Chapter (peer-reviewed))

(Published)


Williams, P. D., Howe, N. J., Gregory, J. M., Smith, R. S., Joshi, M. M.

(2016)

Improved Climate Simulations through a Stochastic Parameterization of Ocean Eddies,

in Journal of Climate

29

pp. 8763-8781

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Nowack, P., Abraham, N. L., Maycock, A. C., Braesicke, P., Gregory, J. M., Joshi, M., Osprey, A., Pyle, J. A.

(2015)

A large ozone-circulation feedback and its implications for global warming assessments,

in Nature Climate Change

5

pp. 41-45

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Van Der Wiel, K., Matthews, A., Stevens, D., Joshi, M.

(2015)

A dynamical framework for the origin of the diagonal South Pacific and South Atlantic convergence zones,

in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society

141

(691)

pp. 1997-2010

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Joshi, M., Stringer, M., Van Der Wiel, K., O'Callaghan, A., Fueglistaler, S.

(2015)

IGCM4: a fast, parallel and flexible intermediate climate model,

in Geoscientific Model Development

8

(4)

pp. 1157-1167

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Hopcroft, P., Valdes, P., Woodward, S., Joshi, M.

(2015)

Last glacial maximum radiative forcing from mineral dust aerosols in an Earth System model,

in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

120

(6)

pp. 8186–8205

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Shields, A. L., Bitz, C. M., Meadows, V. S., Joshi, M. M., Robinson, T. D.

(2014)

Spectrum-driven planetary deglaciation due to increases in stellar luminosity,

in The Astrophysical Journal Letters

785

(1)

article no. L9

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Cullum, J., Stevens, D., Joshi, M.

(2014)

The importance of planetary rotation period for ocean heat transport,

in Astrobiology

14

(8)

pp. 645-650

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Hawkins, E., Anderson, B., Diffenbaugh, N., Mahlstein, I., Betts, R., Hegerl, G., Joshi, M., Knutti, R., McNeall, D., Solomon, S., Sutton, R., Syktus, J., Vecchi, G.

(2014)

Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates,

in Nature

511

(7507)

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


<- Page 1 of 4 ->

Key Research Interests

My research is about understanding the Earth's climate, as well as the dynamical and physical processes underpinning climate change, especially:

  • The response of climate to radiative drivers- processes that change the Earth's climatic energy balance

  • The warming contrast between land and ocean under climate change

  • Stratospheric processes and climate

  • Earth system/biogeochemical processes and the physical climate

I accomplish this using a combination of numerical (computer) models of varying complexity and simpler theories. More recently I've been working on the human impacts of climate change, and the study of palaeoclimates. A huge range of disciplines are studied at Environmental sciences at UEA, making for an extremely stimulating research environment.

My research also includes understanding the climates of extrasolar planets and the implications for habitability- this is part of a field known as astrobiology

Research Group Membership

I'm part of the Climatic Research Unit and the new Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

PhD students that I co-supervise:

  • Jodie Cullum (extrasolar planetary oceans)
  • Rhiannon Davies (meteorology of the marginal ice zone)
  • Emma Littleton (afforestation and carbon sequestration)
  • Andrea Williamson (tropical meteorology in warm past climates)
  • Maria Zamyatina (oxidising capacity of the atmosphere)
  • Stephanie Goodwin (solar variability and climate)
  • Jack Giddings (surface ocean processes in the Bay of Bengal)

 

Teaching Interests

I currently teach on these modules:

  • Climate Systems ENV-6025B (module convenor & lecturer)

  • Climate Change: Physical Science Basis ENV-7014A (lecturer)

  • Global Environmental Challenges ENV-4001A (lecturer)

  • Meteorology II and fieldcourse ENVK5010B (fieldcourse lecturer)

External Activities and Indicators of Esteem

Sometimes the media has become interested in research that I've been involved in; here are examples:

  • Interview with the BBC (broadcast on radio 5 live and other stations) about the winter 2013-14 floods (starts about 4'25" in)

I've given public talks on climate change from time to time. I also contributed to the UEA 50th anniversary festival by leading a conversation cafe type event on the science of climate change.

Key Responsibilities

  • Course director, MSc Climate Change
  • Senior advisor