Biography

I am the recently retired Deputy Director of the Climatic Research Unit where I have worked since 1977.  My primary research interests are in the general area of the late Holocene climate change, with a geographical emphasis on Europe and norther Eurasia.  My specialism is dendroclimatology, the study of tree growth for the purposes of climate reconstruction.  I have been responsible for a number of methodological developments within this field and prodced various detailed reconstructions of individual summer temperature patterns across the Northern Hemisphere spanning some 600 years and a number of widely cited longer regional reconstructions of past climate variability (for example in Canada, Fennoscandia and different areas in Northern Siberia), widely used in the study of regional and Hemispheric mean temperature change through recent millennia.

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Melvin, T. M., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

CRUST: Software for the implementation of Regional Chronology Standardisation: Part 1. Signal-Free RCS

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Yang, B., Qin, C., Wang, J., He, M., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

A 3,500-year tree-ring record of annual precipitation on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau

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(Article)


Briffa, K. R., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Hantemirov, R. M., Kirdyanov, A. V., Mazepa, V. S., Shiyatov, S. G., Esper, J.

(2013)

Reassessing the evidence for tree-growth and inferred temperature change during the Common Era in Yamalia, northwest Siberia

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(Article)


All Publications

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Wilson, R., Anchukaitis, K., Briffa, K. R., Büntgen, U., Cook, E., D'arrigo, R., Davi, N., Esper, J., Frank, D., Gunnarson, B., Hegerl, G., Helama, S., Klesse, S., Krusic, P. J., Linderholm, H. W., Myglan, V., Osborn, T. J., Rydval, M., Schneider, L., Schurer, A., Wiles, G., Zhang, P., Zorita, E.

(2016)

Last millennium northern hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings: Part I: The long term context

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(Article)


Schofield, M. R., Barker, R. J., Gelman, A., Cook, E. R., Briffa, K.

(2016)

A model-based approach to climate reconstruction using tree-ring data

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(Article)


Cook, E. R., Seager, R., Kushnir, Y., Briffa, K., Büntgen, U., Frank, D., Krusic, P. J., Tegel, W., van der Schrier, G., Andreu-Hayles, L., Baillie, M., Baittinger, C., Bleicher, N., Bonde, N., Brown, D., Carrer, M., Cooper, R., Cufar, K., Dittmar, C., Esper, J., Griggs, C., Gunnarson, B., Gutierrez, E., Haneca, K., Helama, S., Herzig, F., Heussner, K., Hofmann, J., Janda, P., Kontic, R., Kose, N., Kyncl, T., Levanic, T., Linderholm, H., Manning, S., Melvin, T., Miles, D., Neuwirth, B., Nicolussi, K., Nola, P., Panayotov, M., Popa, L., Rothe, A., Seftigen, K., Seim, A., Svarva, H., Svoboda, M., Thun, T., Timonen, M., Touchan, R., Trotsiuk, V., Trouet, V., Walder, F., Wazny, T., Wilson, R., Zang, C.

(2015)

Old World megadroughts and pluvials during the Common Era

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(Article)


Melvin, T. M., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

CRUST: Software for the implementation of Regional Chronology Standardisation: Part 1. Signal-Free RCS

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(Article)


Trenberth, K. E., Dai, A., Van Der Schrier, G., Jones, P. D., Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., Sheffield, J.

(2014)

Global warming and changes in drought

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(Article)


Yang, B., Qin, C., Wang, J., He, M., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

A 3,500-year tree-ring record of annual precipitation on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Barichivich, J., Briffa, K., Myneni, R., van der Schrier, G., Dorigo, W., Tucker, C., Osborn, T., Melvin, T.

(2014)

Temperature and Snow-Mediated Moisture Controls of Summer Photosynthetic Activity in Northern Terrestrial Ecosystems between 1982 and 2011

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(Article)


Jones, P., Osborn, T., Harpham, C., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

The development of Lamb weather types: from subjective analysis of weather charts to objective approaches using reanalyses

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(Article)


Cornes, R., Jones, P., Briffa, K., Osborn, T.

(2013)

Estimates of the North Atlantic Oscillation back to 1692 using a Paris-London westerly index

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(Article)


Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., Myneni, R. B., Osborn, T. J., Melvin, T. M., Ciais, P., Piao, S., Tucker, C.

(2013)

Large-scale variations in the vegetation growing season and annual cycle of atmospheric CO2 at high northern latitudes from 1950 to 2011

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(Article)


Van Der Schrier, G., Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., Jones, P.

(2013)

A scPDSI-based global data set of dry and wet spells for 1901-2009: Variations in the self-calibrating PDSI

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(Article)


Yang, B., He, M., Melvin, T. M., Zhao, Y., Briffa, K. R., Newsom, L. (ed.)

(2013)

Climate Control on Tree Growth at the Upper and Lower Treelines: A Case Study in the Qilian Mountains, Tibetan Plateau

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(Article)


Qin, C., Yang, B., Melvin, T. M., Fan, Z., Zhao, Y., Briffa, K. R.

(2013)

Radial Growth of Qilian Juniper on the Northeast Tibetan Plateau and Potential Climate Associations

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(Article)


Briffa, K. R., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Hantemirov, R. M., Kirdyanov, A. V., Mazepa, V. S., Shiyatov, S. G., Esper, J.

(2013)

Reassessing the evidence for tree-growth and inferred temperature change during the Common Era in Yamalia, northwest Siberia

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Jones, P. D., Harpham, C., Briffa, K. R.

(2013)

Lamb weather types derived from reanalysis products

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(Article)


Barichivich, J., Briffa, K., Osborn, T., Melvin, T., Caesar, J.

(2012)

Thermal growing season and timing of biospheric carbon uptake across the Northern Hemisphere

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(Article)


Cornes, R., Jones, P., Briffa, K., Osborn, T.

(2012)

A daily series of mean sea-level pressure for London, 1692-2007

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(Article)


Cornes, R., Jones, P., Briffa, K., Osborn, T.

(2012)

A daily series of mean sea-level pressure for Paris, 1670-2007

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(Article)


Anchukaitis, K. J., Breitenmoser, P., Briffa, K. R., Buchwal, A., Büntgen, U., Cook, E. R., D'arrigo, R. D., Esper, J., Evans, M. N., Frank, D., Grudd, H., Gunnarson, B. E., Hughes, M. K., Kirdyanov, A. V., Körner, C., Krusic, P. J., Luckman, B., Melvin, T. M., Salzer, M. W., Shashkin, A. V., Timmreck, C., Vaganov, E. A., Wilson, R. J. S.

(2012)

Tree rings and volcanic cooling

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(Article)


Briffa, K., Melvin, T.

(2011)

A closer look at Regional Curve Standardisation of tree-ring records: justification of the need, a warning of some pitfalls, and suggested improvements in its application

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


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Key Research Interests

Besides tree-ring research, my interests encompass the study of recent climate change based on instrumental records, and the theory and general application of various palaeoclimate data for describing 'natural' climate variability, its relationships with possible forcing factors and use in the study of anthropogenic climate change detection.  I served for 6 years (1994-2000) on the Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) of the International Geosphere/Biosphere Past Global Changes programme (PAGES) and more recently on the SSC of the UK NERC Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) and the European Science Foundation's HOLIVAR programmes.  I have coordinated several large EU-funded research projects (e.g. ADVANCE-2K, ADVANCE-10K, SOAP) exploring the empirical evidence for climate changes over the various periods in the last 10000 years and their links to possible climate forcing factors over the last 500-1000 years, as well as the realism with which these are simulated by policy-relevant coupled ocean/atmosphere models developed in the UK and Germany.  I am currently a PI on a NERC project investigating the links between tree growth and climate variability across the Northern Hemisphere and the cause(s) of the "divergence phenomenon" where the growth of certain trees growing at high altitudes or high latitudes appears to be becoming less responsive to changes in temperature.  Until recently, I was an associate editor of the journals Holocene, Boreas and Dendrochronologia.  I was a Lead Author of Chapter 6 (Palaeoclimatology) of the Fourth Assessment Report of Working Group 1 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, published in 2007.

Publications: EPrints Digital Repository