Biography

I am the recently retired Deputy Director of the Climatic Research Unit where I have worked since 1977.  My primary research interests are in the general area of the late Holocene climate change, with a geographical emphasis on Europe and norther Eurasia.  My specialism is dendroclimatology, the study of tree growth for the purposes of climate reconstruction.  I have been responsible for a number of methodological developments within this field and prodced various detailed reconstructions of individual summer temperature patterns across the Northern Hemisphere spanning some 600 years and a number of widely cited longer regional reconstructions of past climate variability (for example in Canada, Fennoscandia and different areas in Northern Siberia), widely used in the study of regional and Hemispheric mean temperature change through recent millennia.

Highlighted Publications

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Yang, B., Qin, C., Wang, J., He, M., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

A 3,500-year tree-ring record of annual precipitation on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau,

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)

111.

pp. 2903-2908

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Melvin, T. M., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

CRUST: Software for the implementation of Regional Chronology Standardisation: Part 1. Signal-Free RCS,

in Dendrochronologia

32.

pp. 7-20

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Briffa, K. R., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Hantemirov, R. M., Kirdyanov, A. V., Mazepa, V. S., Shiyatov, S. G., Esper, J.

(2013)

Reassessing the evidence for tree-growth and inferred temperature change during the Common Era in Yamalia, northwest Siberia,

in Quaternary Science Reviews

72.

pp. 83-107

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


All Publications

See Highlights
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Helama, S., Jones, P. D., Briffa, K. R.

(2017)

Dark Ages Cold Period: A literature review and directions for future research,

in Holocene

27

(10)

pp. 1600-1606

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Wang, J., Yang, B., Ljungqvist, F. C., Luterbacher, J., Osborn, T. J., Briffa, K. R., Zorita, E.

(2017)

Internal and external forcing of multidecadal Atlantic climate variability over the past 1,200 years,

in Nature Geoscience

10

(7)

pp. 512–517

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Steinschneider, S., Cook, E. R., Briffa, K. R., Lall, U.

(2017)

Hierarchical regression models for dendroclimatic standardization and climate reconstruction,

in Dendrochronologia

44

pp. 174-186

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Anchukaitis, K. J., Wilson, R., Briffa, K. R., Büntgen, U., Cook, E. R., D'Arrigo, R., Davi, N., Esper, J., Frank, D., Gunnarson, B. E., Hegerl, G., Helama, S., Klesse, S., Krusic, P. J., Linderholm, H. W., Myglan, V., Osborn, T. J., Zhang, P., Rydval, M., Schneider, L., Schurer, A., Wiles, G., Zorita, E.

(2017)

Last millennium Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings: Part II, spatially resolved reconstructions,

in Quaternary Science Reviews

163

pp. 1-22

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Helama, S., Jones, P. D., Briffa, K. R.

(2017)

Limited Late Antique cooling,

in Nature Geoscience

10

pp. 242-243

Full Text

(Comment/debate)

(Published)


Wilson, R., Anchukaitis, K., Briffa, K. R., Büntgen, U., Cook, E., D'arrigo, R., Davi, N., Esper, J., Frank, D., Gunnarson, B., Hegerl, G., Helama, S., Klesse, S., Krusic, P. J., Linderholm, H. W., Myglan, V., Osborn, T. J., Rydval, M., Schneider, L., Schurer, A., Wiles, G., Zhang, P., Zorita, E.

(2016)

Last millennium northern hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings: Part I: The long term context,

in Quaternary Science Reviews

134

pp. 1-18

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Schofield, M. R., Barker, R. J., Gelman, A., Cook, E. R., Briffa, K.

(2016)

A model-based approach to climate reconstruction using tree-ring data,

in Journal of the American Statistical Association

111

(513)

pp. 93-106

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Cook, E. R., Seager, R., Kushnir, Y., Briffa, K., Büntgen, U., Frank, D., Krusic, P. J., Tegel, W., van der Schrier, G., Andreu-Hayles, L., Baillie, M., Baittinger, C., Bleicher, N., Bonde, N., Brown, D., Carrer, M., Cooper, R., Cufar, K., Dittmar, C., Esper, J., Griggs, C., Gunnarson, B., Gutierrez, E., Haneca, K., Helama, S., Herzig, F., Heussner, K., Hofmann, J., Janda, P., Kontic, R., Kose, N., Kyncl, T., Levanic, T., Linderholm, H., Manning, S., Melvin, T., Miles, D., Neuwirth, B., Nicolussi, K., Nola, P., Panayotov, M., Popa, L., Rothe, A., Seftigen, K., Seim, A., Svarva, H., Svoboda, M., Thun, T., Timonen, M., Touchan, R., Trotsiuk, V., Trouet, V., Walder, F., Wazny, T., Wilson, R., Zang, C.

(2015)

Old World megadroughts and pluvials during the Common Era,

in Science Advances

1

(10)

article no. e1500561

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Jones, P., Osborn, T., Harpham, C., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

The development of Lamb weather types: from subjective analysis of weather charts to objective approaches using reanalyses,

in Weather

69

(5)

pp. 128-132

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Yang, B., Qin, C., Wang, J., He, M., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

A 3,500-year tree-ring record of annual precipitation on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau,

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)

111

(8)

pp. 2903-2908

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Barichivich, J., Briffa, K., Myneni, R., van der Schrier, G., Dorigo, W., Tucker, C., Osborn, T., Melvin, T.

(2014)

Temperature and Snow-Mediated Moisture Controls of Summer Photosynthetic Activity in Northern Terrestrial Ecosystems between 1982 and 2011,

in Remote Sensing

6

(2)

pp. 1390-1431

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Melvin, T. M., Briffa, K. R.

(2014)

CRUST: Software for the implementation of Regional Chronology Standardisation: Part 1. Signal-Free RCS,

in Dendrochronologia

32

(1)

pp. 7-20

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Trenberth, K. E., Dai, A., Van Der Schrier, G., Jones, P. D., Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., Sheffield, J.

(2014)

Global warming and changes in drought,

in Nature Climate Change

4

(1)

pp. 17-22

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Qin, C., Yang, B., Melvin, T. M., Fan, Z., Zhao, Y., Briffa, K. R.

(2013)

Radial Growth of Qilian Juniper on the Northeast Tibetan Plateau and Potential Climate Associations,

in PLoS ONE

8

(11)

article no. e79362

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., Myneni, R. B., Osborn, T. J., Melvin, T. M., Ciais, P., Piao, S., Tucker, C.

(2013)

Large-scale variations in the vegetation growing season and annual cycle of atmospheric CO2 at high northern latitudes from 1950 to 2011,

in Global Change Biology

19

(10)

pp. 3167-3183

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Briffa, K. R., Melvin, T. M., Osborn, T. J., Hantemirov, R. M., Kirdyanov, A. V., Mazepa, V. S., Shiyatov, S. G., Esper, J.

(2013)

Reassessing the evidence for tree-growth and inferred temperature change during the Common Era in Yamalia, northwest Siberia,

in Quaternary Science Reviews

72

pp. 83-107

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Yang, B., He, M., Melvin, T. M., Zhao, Y., Briffa, K. R., Newsom, L. (ed.)

(2013)

Climate Control on Tree Growth at the Upper and Lower Treelines: A Case Study in the Qilian Mountains, Tibetan Plateau,

in PLoS ONE

8

(7)

article no. e69065

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Van Der Schrier, G., Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., Jones, P.

(2013)

A scPDSI-based global data set of dry and wet spells for 1901-2009: Variations in the self-calibrating PDSI,

in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

118

(10)

pp. 4025-4048

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Jones, P. D., Harpham, C., Briffa, K. R.

(2013)

Lamb weather types derived from reanalysis products,

in International Journal of Climatology

33

(5)

pp. 1129-1139

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Cornes, R., Jones, P., Briffa, K., Osborn, T.

(2013)

Estimates of the North Atlantic Oscillation back to 1692 using a Paris-London westerly index,

in International Journal of Climatology

33

(1)

pp. 228-248

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


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Key Research Interests

Besides tree-ring research, my interests encompass the study of recent climate change based on instrumental records, and the theory and general application of various palaeoclimate data for describing 'natural' climate variability, its relationships with possible forcing factors and use in the study of anthropogenic climate change detection.  I served for 6 years (1994-2000) on the Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) of the International Geosphere/Biosphere Past Global Changes programme (PAGES) and more recently on the SSC of the UK NERC Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) and the European Science Foundation's HOLIVAR programmes.  I have coordinated several large EU-funded research projects (e.g. ADVANCE-2K, ADVANCE-10K, SOAP) exploring the empirical evidence for climate changes over the various periods in the last 10000 years and their links to possible climate forcing factors over the last 500-1000 years, as well as the realism with which these are simulated by policy-relevant coupled ocean/atmosphere models developed in the UK and Germany.  I am currently a PI on a NERC project investigating the links between tree growth and climate variability across the Northern Hemisphere and the cause(s) of the "divergence phenomenon" where the growth of certain trees growing at high altitudes or high latitudes appears to be becoming less responsive to changes in temperature.  Until recently, I was an associate editor of the journals Holocene, Boreas and Dendrochronologia.  I was a Lead Author of Chapter 6 (Palaeoclimatology) of the Fourth Assessment Report of Working Group 1 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, published in 2007.

Publications: EPrints Digital Repository