PhD Research

Evaluating afforestation for carbon dioxide removal using a dynamic global vegetation model

Activities that offer the opportunity to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, such as afforestation, may prove critical to efforts to limit climate change.  In this study, a land surface model (JULES) containing a dynamic global vegetation model (TRIFFID) is used to explore a range of afforestation scenarios under future climate change.  Simulations representing afforestation are compared against simulations representing natural succession on the same area of land.  Climatology and land use from RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 are used to drive simulations covering the period to 2100.  The carbon sequestration potential of afforestation, and its impacts on surface energy, flood, and fire risk, are explored.

All Publications

Jones, C. D., Ciais, P., Davis, S. J., Friedlingstein, P., Gasser, T., Peters, G. P., Rogelj, J., van Vuuren, D. P., Canadell, J. G., Cowie, A., Jackson, R. B., Jonas, M., Kriegler, E., Littleton, E., Lowe, J. A., Milne, J., Shrestha, G., Smith, P., Torvanger, A., Wiltshire, A.


Simulating the Earth system response to negative emissions,

in Environmental Research Letters


article no. 095012

Full Text UEA Repository



Smith, P., Davis, S. J., Creutzig, F., Fuss, S., Minx, J., Gabrielle, B., Kato, E., Jackson, R. B., Cowie, A., Kriegler, E., Van Vuuren, D. P., Rogelj, J., Ciais, P., Milne, J., Canadell, J. G., McCollum, D., Peters, G., Andrew, R., Krey, V., Shrestha, G., Friedlingstein, P., Gasser, T., Grübler, A., Heidug, W. K., Jonas, M., Jones, C. D., Kraxner, F., Littleton, E., Lowe, J., Moreira, J. R., Nakicenovic, N., Obersteiner, M., Patwardhan, A., Rogner, M., Rubin, E., Sharifi, A., Torvanger, A., Yamagata, Y., Edmonds, J., Yongsung, C.


Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions,

in Nature Climate Change



pp. 42-50

Full Text UEA Repository



Key Research Interests

  • Influence of the terrestrial biosphere on global climate
  • Modelling of climate change scenarios and Earth system feedbacks
  • Geoengineering options, impacts and policy framing
  • Biogeochemical cycling in soils, soil C sequestration and N2O emissions
  • Trade-offs and synergies between greenhouse gas mitigation objectives, agricultural sustainability and biodiversity conservation

Research Group Membership

  • Dr Naomi Vaughan
  • Dr Manoj Joshi
  • Professor Corinne Le Quere