Limnology and ecology of East African lakes; nutrient and carbon cycling in shallow freshwater lakes; ecology and nitrogen dynamics in perennial swamp plants, particularly Phragmites and Papyrus.
I lead an inter-disciplinary conservation ecology research team for evidence-based biodiversity conservation in human-modified landscapes, combining population modelling; landuse ecology and habitat modelling; multi-taxa functional analysis and cost-benefit analysis.
In Ethiopia and central and SE Asia we extended models of biodiversity conservation in semi-natural cultural landscapes with a particular focus on pastoralism and the conservation of critically threatened biodiversity. In the UK, we developed the Biodiversity Audit approach, to quantify and characterise priority biodiversity of a biogeographical region, quantifying cross-taxa guilds in terms of traits, niche and ecological process, to inform integrated delivery and cost-effective conservation interventions. This shows a poor fit between conservation priorities and delivery and has evidenced a 280 km open-habitat invertebrate ‘super-highway’ network, landscape-scale deer management and one of the largest landscape-scale multi-taxa biodiversity management experiments in Europe.
My research focuses on understanding the effects of global environmental change on the distribution of biodiversity and their conservation. I am interested in unravelling the mechanisms underlying changes in dispersal capacity and migratory behaviour of animals. My group uses niche theory and modelling approaches to understand range shifts of native and non-native species and we use these findings to identify priority areas for conservation and to identify conservation measures for endangered species.
Professor and Sector Head
I am interested in the effects of environmental stress on organisms, and how the impacts of stressors on individuals feed through into population and community level effects. This includes both theoretical work, particularly using a set of tools known as elasticity analysis, and practical work, often using molecular methods. My original background is in marine biology, and I continue to work on the effects of pollution on marine invertebrates, but am also involved in collaborative work involving plants, microbial communities and commercially exploited fish stocks.
The nutritive ecology of herbivores and saprophages - how do their digestive and foraging strategies affect their life histories and population dynamics, and b) predicting how global climate change may alter the behaviour and population ecology of invertebrates.
Reader in Biological Oceanography
The biogenic production of trace gases of atmospheric significance in marine waters dimethyl sulphide (DMS), volatile compounds that contain iodine, bromine and chlorine and non-methane hydrocarbons; how the interactions between various marine organisms (marine phytoplankton, microzooplankton, bacteria, viruses, seaweeds) and their environment, leads to the production of trace gases; understanding the physiology, biochemistry and ecology behind trace gas production.
Environmental and functional genomics of marine microbial organisms; metagenomics of the upper ocean; physiological adaptation; diatom biology; photosynthesis; polar biology; biochemistry; biological oceanography.
Professor in Microbiology and Director of the Earth and Life Systems Alliance (ELSA)
Studying the vital role that microbes play in consuming climate active gases and volatile organic compounds such as methane, methanol, isoprene and dimethylsulfide before they are released to the atmosphere. To investigate the metabolism and ecology of these microbes in terrestrial, marine and freshwater environments, to develop and apply cutting edge ecophysiology, molecular ecology, genomics and metagenomics techniques (see www.jcmurrell.co.uk).
Development of compound-specific isotopic proxies for palaeohydrological and palaeoclimatic studies using modern terrestrial vegetation; climate change during the Quaternary, Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum, and Eocene/Oligocene transition; experimental investigation of hydrogen isotopic exchange between organic compounds and H2O.
Born in Belém, Brazil, Peres was exposed to Amazonian natural history from age seven and has been studying wildlife community ecology in Amazonian forests for more than 30 years. Research themes include the population ecology of key key timber and non-timber tropical forest resource populations, patterns of vertebrate assemblage structure in Amazonian forests; the biological dynamics of hyper-disturbed and fragmented forest landscapes, and the biodiversity consequences of land-use change. More recently, he has been involved in research on the landscape ecology of no-take areas within large-scale harvesting (hunting, fishing) mosaics. His research is having an increasing influence on policies for the management of forests, including the biological criteria for designing large nature reserves.
NERC Independent Research Fellow
Methane is found at relatively low concentrations in the atmosphere, but is a very potent as a greenhouse gas and a significant contributor to anthropogenic climate change. Jennifer is using single cell genomics, combined with targeted isolation approaches and proteomics, to identify and characterise soil bacteria that oxidise methane, and their response to climate change. How will global warming and land use change alter the activity of these bacteria, and thus their contribution to the global sink strength of soils for atmospheric methane?
Brian Reid is an Adjunct Professor with the Chinese Academy of Science. His research interests are in soil ecosystem services, biogeochemistry and the fate of chemicals in the environment. This expertise has underpinned his appointment to the ISO TC for Soil Quality. Recently, he been exploring the influence of biochar on the delivery of soil ecosystem services. In particular soil water- and nutrient-cycling, crop growth and greenhouse gas emissions.
Reader in Marine Biogeochemistry
I lead a team which studies the role of marine bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton in the exchange of carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and the ocean, and the production of food for fish, and how this role varies with changing environmental conditions such as increasing temperature and nutrient supply and decreasing pH and dissolved oxygen. I am a Fellow of the Society of Biology and past President of the Challenger Society for Marine Science.
I use a multidisciplinary approach to develop and apply new techniques to better understand the complex interactions between biota and sediments that drive ecological structure and functioning in coastal ecosystems. I study the benthic microalgae and macrofauna in mangrove forests, mudflats, salt marsh and coastal freshwater marshes, to improve our understanding of sediment erosion, biostabilisation, natural coastal protection and the impact of natural hazards, such as storm surges, on these ecosystems.
Dr Cock van Oosterhout
Professor of Evolutionary Genetics