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Impacts of REDD+ in SE Asia

DEV Key Contact: Thomas Sikor

Project Dates: 2011 - 2014

Project Status: Complete


This project will analyse how REDD-plus mechanisms may reduce carbon emissions and maintain or enhance existing stocks of carbon in vegetation and soil of various land cover types. It will also examine the impact of REDD-plus on the livelihoods and welfare of local farming communities, its contribution to rural poverty alleviation and on biodiversity conservation in the region.

The project aims to develop a realistic framework for monitoring, reporting and verification of the REDD-plus mechanism, including the importance of governance and accountability at multiple levels. Whereas other REDD-plus projects have a strong focus on the humid tropical lowlands, this project will focus on the upland forest-agriculture frontiers of Southeast Asia ranging from the humid forests of Kalimantan, Indonesia – including some peatland areas – to the sub-humid areas dominated by a monsoonal climate with distinct dry seasons of northern Laos, northern Vietnam and Yunnan in southwest China. 

The research will analyse existing payment mechanisms, develop options for potential REDD-plus mechanisms, and recommend concrete payments mechanisms for the disbursement of global REDD-plus finance from national to sub-national levels and from the sub-national level to local level of forest managers.


Partner Organisations:


Selected Outputs:

Mertz, O., Müller, D., Sikor, T., Hett, C., Heinimann, A., Castella, J.-C., Lestrelin, L., Ryan, C., Reay, D., Schmidt-Vogt, D., Danielsen, F., Theilade, I., van Noordwijk, M. Verchot, L., Burgess. N.D., Berry, N., Pham, T.T., Messerli, P., Xu, J., Fensholt, R., Hostert, P., Pflugmacher, D., Bruun, T. B., de Neergaard, A., Dons, K., Dewi, S., Rutishauer, E., Sun, Z. The forgotten D: challenges of addressing forest degradation in complex mosaic landscapes under REDD+, in: Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, Vol. 112, No. 1, pp. 63-76, 2012.

Enright, A., McNally, R., Sikor, T. An approach to designing pro-poor local REDD+ Benefit Distribution Systems: lessons from Vietnam. Netherlands Development Organization SNV, Hanoi, 2012.

Schroeder, H., Sikor, T., McDermott, C. (eds.) Beyond Carbon: Equity and Justice of REDD+. Special issue forthcoming in: Ecology and Society, 2013.

Sikor, T., Auld, G., Bebbington, A.J., Benjaminsen, T.A., Gentry, B.S., Hunsberger, C., Izac, A.-M., Margulis, M., Plieninger, T., Schroeder, H., Upton, C. 2013. Global land governance: from territory to flow? Forthcoming in: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 5.