Skip to Content

Gender Analysis of Land

Key DEV Contacts: Nitya Rao and Cecile Jackson

Long-standing research by Jackson on poverty and Rao on land have contributed to shifting thinking that has informed public and policy debates in these fields. While Jackson has pointed to the gendered nature of poverty and wellbeing and the need to take account of women's and men's work and vulnerabilities in any analysis of poverty, Rao has emphasised that land is not just a productive asset and a source of material wealth, but equally a source of security, status and recognition, thus having different meanings for men and women. She has demonstrated that empowerment of women can best be achieved by broadening the definition of resources to include those beyond land.

Selected Outputs

Jackson, C. (2010) Gender into poverty won't go,  International Handbook on Gender and Poverty. Chant, S. (ed.). UK: Edward Elgar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter

Jackson, C. & Rao, N. (2008) Gender inequality and agrarian change in liberalizing India The Gendered Impacts of Liberalization. Razavi, S. (ed.). UK: Routledge, 374 p. (Routledge/UNRISD Research in Gender and Development series)

Jackson, C. (2005) Strengthening food policy through gender and intrahousehold analysis: impact assessment of IFPRI multicountry research, Washington: International Food Policy Research Institute

Jackson, C. J. (2003) Gender analysis of land: beyond land rights for women?  Journal of Agrarian Change. 3, 4, p. 453-480, 28 p.

Rao, N. Women's access to land: An Asian perspective', Expert Paper 3, UN Women. Available online

Rao, N. (2013) Gender and productive resources: Claiming women's entitlements to land, Kelkar, G and Krishnaraj, M eds. Women, land and Power in Asia. New Delhi. Routledge.

Rao, N. (2012) Displacement of Land, Case of Santhal Parganas, Munshi, I, ed. Adivasi Question: Issues of Land, Forest and LIvelihood, Orient BlackSwan, New Delhi.

Rao, N. (2011) Gender, Land and Resource Rights in India, Du grain à moudre. Genre, développement rural et alimentation. (Dir.) C. Verschuur.  Actes des colloques genre et développement. Berne : DDC-Commission nationale suisse pour l'UNESCO ; Genève : IHEID : 209-46. Available online

Rao, N. (2009) Gendering territories: globalisation and mobility in Bangladesh. In: Velasquez, F.B and J.G.F. Medina (eds.) Las configuraciones de los territories rurales en el siglo XXI. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, pp. 109-40.

Rao, N. (2009) Conflicts and contradictions: land laws in the Santhal Parganas, Sundar, N (ed.) Legal Grounds: natural resources, identity, and the law in Jharkhand, Oxford University Press, New Delhi: 56-81.

Mitra, Amit and Nitya Rao, (2008) "Displacing Gender from Displacement: A View from the Santal Parganas, Jharkhand", In Mehta, Lyla (ed.) ‘Displaced by Development: Confronting Marginalisation and Gender Injustice' Sage, New Delhi: 34:58.

Rao, N. (2008) "Good women do not inherit Land": Politics of Land and Gender in India, Social Science Press, New Delhi (2nd paperback edition 2012)

Rao, N. (2007) Custom And The Courts: Ensuring Women's Rights To Land, Jharkhand, India. Development and Change. 38(2): 299-319.

Rao, N. (2006) Land rights, gender equality and household food security: exploring the conceptual links in the case of India, Food Policy. 31:180-93.

Rao, N. (2005) Kinship Matters: Women's land claims in the Santal Parganas, Jharkhand.  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 11(4): 725-45.

Rao, N. (2005) Questioning Women's Solidarity: The Case of Land Rights, Santal Parganas, Jharkhand, India, Journal of Development Studies, 41(3): 353-75.