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Reconciling Biodiversity and Development through Direct Payments for Conservation (ReDirect)

Project Status: Completed

Funded by:
The European Research Council


Payments for environmental services (PES) are becoming important policy instruments in conservation in both rich and developing countries. Reconciling conservation objectives with poverty alleviation concerns is also increasingly becoming a policy challenge. This project uses an experimental PES in the Nyungwe National Park in Rwanda to assess the effectiveness of PES in a developing country context. A successful implementation of any conservation project requires understanding the social norms of cooperation and fairness among the participating communities. This project uses public good games and different versions of experimental games on fairness to assess the level of cooperation and fairness related social norms in the project area. The experimental data are collected side-by-side with other forms of information (household surveys, qualitative data collection, threat monitoring, etc.).

Partner Organisations:
Rwandan Development Board, Tourism & Conservation (RDB)

DEV Key Contact:

Bereket Kebede


Selected Output:
Gross-Camp, N. D., Martin, A., McGuire, S., Kebede, B., and Manyarukaza, J., 2012, ‘PES in an African protected Area: Exploring Issues of Legitimacy, Fairness, Equity & Effectiveness’, Oryx, 46(1): 24-33