Entering Special Characters and Mathematical Symbols into HTML


HTML has special mark-ups for a large number of characters beyond just those normally present on the standard keyboard. In addition, on this server only, some additions to standard HTML have been provided in order to allow for the entry of upper- and lower-case greek characters and some special symbols used in mathematics. All of these special mark-ups are given in the following tables. The tables show the character, as you want it to appear, followed by the mark-up which you must enter into the HTML in order to get it.

Additionally, the table for the special ISO characters provides the standard typographer's name of the character. You may scroll directly to a particular table by clicking on the following anchors:


Extended HTML Markup


<  &lt;		<  &gt;		&  &amp;		"  &quot;



Lower Case Greek Characters

Use the images as part of an img element, i.e. <img src="http://www.mth.uea.ac.uk/~h083/archive/pi.gif" align=bottom alt="pi">


  alpha.gif	  theta.gif	o  o		  tau.gif

beta.gif vartheta.gif pi.gif upsilon.gif

gamma.gif iota.gif varpi.gif phi.gif

delta.gif kappa.gif rho.gif varphi.gif

epsilon.gif lambda.gif varrho.gif chi.gif

varepsilon.gif mu.gif sigma.gif psi.gif

zeta.gif nu.gif varsigma.gif omega.gif

eta.gif xi.gif



Upper Case Greek Characters

Use the images as part of an img element, i.e. <img src="http://www.mth.uea.ac.uk/~h083/Gamma.gif" align=bottom alt="Gamma">


  Gamma.gif	  Lambda.gif	  Sigma.gif	  Psi.gif

Delta.gif Xi.gif Upsilon.gif Omega.gif

Theta.gif Pi.gif



Special Mathematical Symbols

Use the images as part of an img element, i.e. <img src="http://www.mth.uea.ac.uk/~h083/sqrt.gif" align=bottom alt="Square root">


  sqrt.gif	  leq.gif		  geq.gif		  equiv.gif

sim.gif simeq.gif approx.gif neq.gif

propto.gif leftarrow.gif rightarrow.gif



The ISO Character Set

In order to get the indicated character, input the indicated markup string. The string need not be surrounded by spaces.

CharacterInput MarkupName of ISO Character
Æ&AElig;capitalAEdiphthong(ligature)
Á&Aacute;capitalA,acuteaccent
Â&Acirc;capitalA,circumflexaccent
À&Agrave;capitalA,graveaccent
Å&Aring;capitalA,ring
Ã&Atilde;capitalA,tilde
Ä&Auml;capitalA,dieresisorumlautmark
Ç&Ccedil;capitalC,cedilla
Ð&ETH;capitalEth,Icelandic
É&Eacute;capitalE,acuteaccent
Ê&Ecirc;capitalE,circumflexaccent
È&Egrave;capitalE,graveaccent
Ë&Euml;capitalE,dieresisorumlautmark
Í&Iacute;capitalI,acuteaccent
Î&Icirc;capitalI,circumflexaccent
Ì&Igrave;capitalI,graveaccent
Ï&Iuml;capitalI,dieresisorumlautmark
Ñ&Ntilde;capitalN,tilde
Ó&Oacute;capitalO,acuteaccent
Ô&Ocirc;capitalO,circumflexaccent
Ò&Ograve;capitalO,graveaccent
Ø&Oslash;capitalO,slash
Õ&Otilde;capitalO,tilde
Ö&Ouml;capitalO,dieresisorumlautmark
Þ&THORN;capitalTHORN,Icelandic
Ú&Uacute;capitalU,acuteaccent
Û&Ucirc;capitalU,circumflexaccent
Ù&Ugrave;capitalU,graveaccent
Ü&Uuml;capitalU,dieresisorumlautmark
Ý&Yacute;capitalY,acuteaccent
á&aacute;smalla,acuteaccent
â&acirc;smalla,circumflexaccent
æ&aelig;smallaediphthong(ligature)
à&agrave;smalla,graveaccent
å&aring;smalla,ring
ã&atilde;smalla,tilde
ä&auml;smalla,dieresisorumlautmark
ç&ccedil;smallc,cedilla
é&eacute;smalle,acuteaccent
ê&ecirc;smalle,circumflexaccent
è&egrave;smalle,graveaccent
ð&eth;smalleth,Icelandic
ë&euml;smalle,dieresisorumlautmark
í&iacute;smalli,acuteaccent
î&icirc;smalli,circumflexaccent
ì&igrave;smalli,graveaccent
ï&iuml;smalli,dieresisorumlautmark
ñ&ntilde;smalln,tilde
ó&oacute;smallo,acuteaccent
ô&ocirc;smallo,circumflexaccent
ò&ograve;smallo,graveaccent
ø&oslash;smallo,slash
õ&otilde;smallo,tilde
ö&ouml;smallo,dieresisorumlautmark
ß&szlig;smallsharps,German(szligature)
þ&thorn;smallthorn,Icelandic
ú&uacute;smallu,acuteaccent
û&ucirc;smallu,circumflexaccent
ù&ugrave;smallu,graveaccent
ü&uuml;smallu,dieresisorumlautmark
ý&yacute;smally,acuteaccent
ÿ&yuml;smally,dieresisorumlautmark


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