Biography

I joined the School of International Development at UEA in May 1994 as a lecturer in Natural Resources.  Prior to that I worked for two major organisations - the Commonwealth Development Corporation (where I was based in Swaziland on the IYSIS project) and then Hunting Technical Services Ltd (now HTSPE).  From 1994 to 2001 I both taught on UG and PG courses and undertook my doctoral research.

My doctoral research considered design-management interactions on large-scale canal irrigation systems, with a focus on Southern Africa. This work attempted to characterise and model the factors that influence the performance of irrigation schemes with a view to providing guidance on system evaluation and best practices for rehabilitation.

During 2001 to 2006 I was as Team Leader for a DFID-KAR project in Tanzania called RIPARWIN - Raising Irrigation Productivity and Releasing Water for Intersectoral Needs. See this website for more details

During the period 2006 to 2010, I became Head of School, DEV at the University.  

I am also a Fellow of Institute of Civil Engineers (FICE) and work with the UK section of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) as its Chair from 2011 to 2014.

Career History

2011 – present Professor of Water and Irrigation Policy, School of International Development, UEA, UK

2005 – 2011 Senior Lecturer in Natural Resources, School of International Development, UEA, UK

2006 – 2010 Head of School, School of International Development, UEA, UK

1994 – 2005 Lecturer in Natural Resources, School of Development Studies, UEA, UK

1990 – 1994 Consultant & Irrigation Agronomist, Hunting Technical Services Ltd, UK

1985 – 1989 Irrigation Agronomist, Commonwealth Development. Corporation, Swaziland

1983 – 1984 Assistant Soils Agronomist, Commonwealth Development. Corporation, Swaziland

Academic Background

I acquired my PhD (reading Irrigation Design & Management) from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1998. Prior to that I gained my Masters of Science in Irrigation (Distinction) also from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1992. My BSc in Soil Science (Hons) is from University of Reading, graduating in 1985.

CV and Experience

Download Bruce's short CV here
Download Bruce's full CV here 

All Publications

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Lankford, B., Makin, I., Matthews, N., Noble, A., McCornick, P. G., Shah, T.

(2016)

A compact to revitalise large-scale irrigation systems using a leadership-partnership-ownership ‘theory of change’

in Water Alternatives

9.

pp. 1-32

UEA Repository

(Article)


Grafton, R. Q., McLindin, M., Hussey, K., Wyrwoll, P., Wichelns, D., Ringler, C., Garrick, D., Pittock, J., Wheeler, S., Orr, S., Matthews, N., Ansink, E., Aureli, A., Connell, D., De Stefano, L., Dowsley, K., Farolfi, S., Hall, J., Katic, P., Lankford, B., Leckie, H., McCartney, M., Pohlner, H., Ratna, N., Rubarenzya, M. H., Sai Raman, S. N., Wheeler, K., Williams, J.

(2016)

Responding to Global Challenges in Food, Energy, Environment and Water: Risks and Options Assessment for Decision-Making

in Asia and Pacific Policy Studies

3.

pp. 275-299

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Zeitoun, M., Lankford, B., Krueger, T., Forsyth, T., Carter, R., Hoekstra, A. Y., Taylor, R., Varis, O., Cleaver, F., Boelens, R., Swatuk, L., Tickner, D., Scott, C. A., Mirumachi, N., Matthews, N.

(2016)

Reductionist and integrative research approaches to complex water security policy challenges

in Global Environmental Change

39.

pp. 143–154

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Conway, D., Archer van Garderen, E., Deryng, D., Dorling, S., Krueger, T., Landman, W., Lankford, B., Lebek, K., Osborn, T., Ringler (IFPRI), C., Thurlow, J., Zhu, T., Dalin, C.

(2015)

Climate and southern Africa's water-energy-food nexus

in Nature Climate Change

5.

pp. 837-846

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

Does Article 6 (factors relevant to equitable and reasonable utilisation) in the UN Watercourses Convention misdirect riparian countries?

in Water International

38.

pp. 130-145

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

Infrastructure hydromentalities: Water sharing, water control and water (in)security

Routledge

ISBN 978-0-415-53471-0, 978-0-415-53470-3

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

Resource efficiency complexity and the commons: The Paracommons and Paradoxes of Natural Resource Losses, Wastes and Wastages

Routledge

ISBN 978-0-415-82846-8

UEA Repository

(Book)


Lankford, B. (ed.), Bakker, K. (ed.), Zeitoun, M. (ed.), Conway, D. (ed.)

(2013)

Water security: Principles, perspectives and practices

Routledge

ISBN 978-0415534703, 978-0415534710

UEA Repository

(Book)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

A Synthesis Chapter: The Incodys Water Security Model

Earthscan Publications

ISBN 978-0-415-53471-0

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


Lankford, B.

(2012)

Preface; Towards a political ecology of irrigation efficiency and productivity

in Agricultural Water Management

108.

pp. 1-2

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B.

(2012)

Fictions, fractions, factorials, fractures and fractals; on the framing of irrigation efficiency

in Agricultural Water Management

108.

pp. 27-38

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Bunclark, L., Lankford, B.

(2011)

Rainwater harvesting: A suitable poverty reduction strategy for small-scale farmers in developing countries?

in Waterlines

30.

pp. 312-327

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B., Chhotray, V., Goulden, M., Pringle, C., Dickens, C., Lewis, F., Nxele, Z., Quayle, L., Mander, M.

(2011)

Hydrological modelling of water allocation, ecosystem services and poverty alleviation in the Pongola floodplain, South Africa

in Journal of Environmental Planning and Management

54.

pp. 1237-1260

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B.

(2010)

Responding to water scarcity – beyond the volumetric

Earthscan

ISBN 9781844075423

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


Pittock, J., Lankford, B.

(2010)

Environmental water requirements: demand management in an era of water scarcity

in Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences

7.

pp. 75-93

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B.

(2010)

Improving irrigated agricultural productivity in an age of food and water scarcity

The Foreign Policy Centre

ISBN 10 1-905833-17-2

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


Lankford, B., Hepworth, N.

(2010)

The cathedral and the bazaar: monocentric and polycentric river basin management

in Water Alternatives

3.

pp. 82-101

UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B.

(2009)

The right irrigation? Policy directions for agricultural water management in sub-Saharan Africa

in Water Alternatives

2.

pp. 476-480

UEA Repository

(Article)


Lankford, B., Tumbo, S., Rajabu, K.

(2009)

Water competition, variability and river basin governance: a critical analysis of the Great Ruaha River, Tanzania

CABI

ISBN 9781845935382

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


Mehari, A., Van Koppen, B., McCartney, M., Lankford, B.

(2009)

Unchartered innovation? Local reforms of national formal water management in the Mkoji sub-catchment, Tanzania

in Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C

34.

pp. 299-308

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


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Key Research Interests

My main research areas are: water resources planning and management; river basin management; irrigation systems analysis; community-based irrigation; design management interactions; conflict resolution and natural resource gaming.

Key country experience includes Tanzania, South Africa, Pakistan, India, Nigeria, Swaziland.

Research Groups: UEA Water Security Research Centre
 
I have worked in and studied agricultural water management since 1983, initially at the irrigation system level in Swaziland but more recently on livelihood, institutional and basin approaches to the governance of water.

I study 16 interrelated themes of research, grouped thematically here:

Participatory polycentric water governance and allocation
1.Dynamic irrigation systems and river basins in semi-arid environments via a non-equilibrium lens.
2.Polycentric river basin/water management and user participation, critiquing the design of IWRM applied to river basins in Sub-Saharan Africa
3.Serious games and deliberative tools in the management and allocation of water (the river basin game and multi-agent spreadsheets for water allocation).
4.On being a waterist.

 Resource efficiency complexity and the paracommons
5.Irrigation efficiency and productivity measurement and theorising.
6.The paracommons; a commons of (yet to be) conserved resources.

Irrigation infrastructure, livelihoods and policy
7.Sub-Sahara irrigation policy to expand and rehabilitate irrigation in Sub-Saharan Africa.
8.Irrigation livelihoods studies including LADDER work and consultancy in Kyrgyzstan on water user associations.
9.User-centred design of irrigation and basin systems for water apportionment (my doctoral research).
10.Irrigationalism and irrigationism. On the ideology of irrigation engineering, expansion and rehabilitation.

Ecosystem and vector water studies
11.Science of water and ecosystems services within irrigated river basins (NERC- funded ‘ESPA’ project in South Africa examined trade-offs and interfaces between wetlands and irrigated agriculture).
12.Environmental demand management of ecological water resources to sustain or increase productivity in that sector
13.Vector water. A set of ideas around how blue water might support green water.
14.Water-energy-food nexus. Interrelationships between different sectors.

Performance, equity and justice in water allocation
15.Incodys Water Security framework.
16.Transboundary water law, in particular the principle of equitable allocation defined in the UN Watercourses convention, on water allocation.

Research Supervision

I am currently supervising the following research students:

  • Citalli Becerril-Tinoco; 'Institutional Analysis of Water Management in Mexico'
  • David Blake; 'Irrigationalism – the politics and ideology of irrigation development in the Nam Songkhram Basin, Northeast Thailand'
  • María de Jesús Márquez Dorantes; 'The institutional paradox of water investment in Mexico City: Institutional arrangements for trade-offs in actors’ objectives and their constraints to the sustainable development of the water sector.'
  • Matthew England; 'IWRM and Climate Change in India'
  • Virginia Hooper: 'Inter-sectoral water allocation in developing countries'