Biography

I joined the School of International Development at UEA in May 1994 as a lecturer in Natural Resources.  Prior to that I worked for two major organisations - the Commonwealth Development Corporation (where I was based in Swaziland on the IYSIS project) and then Hunting Technical Services Ltd (now HTSPE).  From 1994 to 2001 I both taught on UG and PG courses and undertook my doctoral research.

My doctoral research considered design-management interactions on large-scale canal irrigation systems, with a focus on Southern Africa. This work attempted to characterise and model the factors that influence the performance of irrigation schemes with a view to providing guidance on system evaluation and best practices for rehabilitation.

During 2001 to 2006 I was as Team Leader for a DFID-KAR project in Tanzania called RIPARWIN - Raising Irrigation Productivity and Releasing Water for Intersectoral Needs. See this website for more details

During the period 2006 to 2010, I became Head of School, DEV at the University.  

I am also a Fellow of Institute of Civil Engineers (FICE) and work with the UK section of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) as its Chair from 2011 to 2014.

Career History

2011 – present Professor of Water and Irrigation Policy, School of International Development, UEA, UK

2005 – 2011 Senior Lecturer in Natural Resources, School of International Development, UEA, UK

2006 – 2010 Head of School, School of International Development, UEA, UK

1994 – 2005 Lecturer in Natural Resources, School of Development Studies, UEA, UK

1990 – 1994 Consultant & Irrigation Agronomist, Hunting Technical Services Ltd, UK

1985 – 1989 Irrigation Agronomist, Commonwealth Development. Corporation, Swaziland

1983 – 1984 Assistant Soils Agronomist, Commonwealth Development. Corporation, Swaziland

Academic Background

I acquired my PhD (reading Irrigation Design & Management) from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1998. Prior to that I gained my Masters of Science in Irrigation (Distinction) also from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1992. My BSc in Soil Science (Hons) is from University of Reading, graduating in 1985.

CV and Experience

Download Bruce's short CV here
Download Bruce's full CV here 

All Publications

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Hooper, V., Lankford, B.

(2017)

Unintended Water Allocation: Gaining Share from Indirect Action and Inaction,

in The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy.

Oxford University Press, Oxford

ISBN 9780199335084

Full Text UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


Lankford, B., Makin, I., Matthews, N., Noble, A., McCornick, P. G., Shah, T.

(2016)

A compact to revitalise large-scale irrigation systems using a leadership-partnership-ownership ‘theory of change’,

in Water Alternatives

9

(1)

pp. 1-32

UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Grafton, R. Q., McLindin, M., Hussey, K., Wyrwoll, P., Wichelns, D., Ringler, C., Garrick, D., Pittock, J., Wheeler, S., Orr, S., Matthews, N., Ansink, E., Aureli, A., Connell, D., De Stefano, L., Dowsley, K., Farolfi, S., Hall, J., Katic, P., Lankford, B., Leckie, H., McCartney, M., Pohlner, H., Ratna, N., Rubarenzya, M. H., Sai Raman, S. N., Wheeler, K., Williams, J.

(2016)

Responding to Global Challenges in Food, Energy, Environment and Water: Risks and Options Assessment for Decision-Making,

in Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies

3

(2)

pp. 275-299

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Zeitoun, M., Lankford, B., Krueger, T., Forsyth, T., Carter, R., Hoekstra, A. Y., Taylor, R., Varis, O., Cleaver, F., Boelens, R., Swatuk, L., Tickner, D., Scott, C. A., Mirumachi, N., Matthews, N.

(2016)

Reductionist and integrative research approaches to complex water security policy challenges,

in Global Environmental Change

39

pp. 143–154

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Bruns, A., Krueger, T., Lankford, B., Frick, F., Grasham, C., Spitzbart-Glasl, C.

(2016)

A Water Perspective on Land Competition,

in Land Use Competition.

Springer

pp. 313-332

ISBN 978-3-319-33628-2

Full Text UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


Conway, D., Archer van Garderen, E., Deryng, D., Dorling, S., Krueger, T., Landman, W., Lankford, B., Lebek, K., Osborn, T., Ringler (IFPRI), C., Thurlow, J., Zhu, T., Dalin, C.

(2015)

Climate and southern Africa's water-energy-food nexus,

in Nature Climate Change

5

pp. 837-846

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

Does Article 6 (factors relevant to equitable and reasonable utilisation) in the UN Watercourses Convention misdirect riparian countries?,

in Water International

38

(2 Special Issue)

pp. 130-145

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

Infrastructure hydromentalities: Water sharing, water control and water (in)security,

in Water security: Principles, perspectives and practices.

Routledge

ISBN 978-0-415-53471-0, 978-0-415-53470-3

UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

Resource efficiency complexity and the commons: The Paracommons and Paradoxes of Natural Resource Losses, Wastes and Wastages,

Routledge

ISBN 978-0-415-82846-8

UEA Repository

(Book)

(Published)


Lankford, B. (ed.), Bakker, K. (ed.), Zeitoun, M. (ed.), Conway, D. (ed.)

(2013)

Water security: Principles, perspectives and practices,

Routledge

ISBN 978-0415534703, 978-0415534710

UEA Repository

(Book)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2013)

A Synthesis Chapter: The Incodys Water Security Model,

in Water security: Principles, perspectives and practices.

Earthscan Publications

ISBN 978-0-415-53471-0

UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2012)

Preface; Towards a political ecology of irrigation efficiency and productivity,

in Agricultural Water Management

108

pp. 1-2

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2012)

Fictions, fractions, factorials, fractures and fractals; on the framing of irrigation efficiency,

in Agricultural Water Management

108

pp. 27-38

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Bunclark, L., Lankford, B.

(2011)

Rainwater harvesting: A suitable poverty reduction strategy for small-scale farmers in developing countries?,

in Waterlines

30

(4)

pp. 312-327

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B., Chhotray, V., Goulden, M., Pringle, C., Dickens, C., Lewis, F., Nxele, Z., Quayle, L., Mander, M.

(2011)

Hydrological modelling of water allocation, ecosystem services and poverty alleviation in the Pongola floodplain, South Africa,

in Journal of Environmental Planning and Management

54

(9)

pp. 1237-1260

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2010)

Responding to water scarcity – beyond the volumetric,

in The Limits to Scarcity: Contesting the Politics of Allocation.

Earthscan

ISBN 9781844075423

UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


Pittock, J., Lankford, B.

(2010)

Environmental water requirements: demand management in an era of water scarcity,

in Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences

7

(1)

pp. 75-93

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2010)

Improving irrigated agricultural productivity in an age of food and water scarcity,

in Tackling the world water crisis: reshaping the future of foreign policy.

The Foreign Policy Centre

ISBN 10 1-905833-17-2

UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


Lankford, B., Hepworth, N.

(2010)

The cathedral and the bazaar: monocentric and polycentric river basin management,

in Water Alternatives

3

(1)

pp. 82-101

UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lankford, B.

(2009)

The right irrigation? Policy directions for agricultural water management in sub-Saharan Africa,

in Water Alternatives

2

(3)

pp. 476-480

UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


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Key Research Interests

My main research areas are: water resources planning and management; river basin management; irrigation systems analysis; community-based irrigation; design management interactions; conflict resolution and natural resource gaming.

Key country experience includes Tanzania, South Africa, Pakistan, India, Nigeria, Swaziland.

Research Groups: UEA Water Security Research Centre
 
I have worked in and studied agricultural water management since 1983, initially at the irrigation system level in Swaziland but more recently on livelihood, institutional and basin approaches to the governance of water.

I study 16 interrelated themes of research, grouped thematically here:

Participatory polycentric water governance and allocation
1.Dynamic irrigation systems and river basins in semi-arid environments via a non-equilibrium lens.
2.Polycentric river basin/water management and user participation, critiquing the design of IWRM applied to river basins in Sub-Saharan Africa
3.Serious games and deliberative tools in the management and allocation of water (the river basin game and multi-agent spreadsheets for water allocation).
4.On being a waterist.

 Resource efficiency complexity and the paracommons
5.Irrigation efficiency and productivity measurement and theorising.
6.The paracommons; a commons of (yet to be) conserved resources.

Irrigation infrastructure, livelihoods and policy
7.Sub-Sahara irrigation policy to expand and rehabilitate irrigation in Sub-Saharan Africa.
8.Irrigation livelihoods studies including LADDER work and consultancy in Kyrgyzstan on water user associations.
9.User-centred design of irrigation and basin systems for water apportionment (my doctoral research).
10.Irrigationalism and irrigationism. On the ideology of irrigation engineering, expansion and rehabilitation.

Ecosystem and vector water studies
11.Science of water and ecosystems services within irrigated river basins (NERC- funded ‘ESPA’ project in South Africa examined trade-offs and interfaces between wetlands and irrigated agriculture).
12.Environmental demand management of ecological water resources to sustain or increase productivity in that sector
13.Vector water. A set of ideas around how blue water might support green water.
14.Water-energy-food nexus. Interrelationships between different sectors.

Performance, equity and justice in water allocation
15.Incodys Water Security framework.
16.Transboundary water law, in particular the principle of equitable allocation defined in the UN Watercourses convention, on water allocation.

Research Supervision

I am currently supervising the following research students:

  • Citalli Becerril-Tinoco; 'Institutional Analysis of Water Management in Mexico'
  • David Blake; 'Irrigationalism – the politics and ideology of irrigation development in the Nam Songkhram Basin, Northeast Thailand'
  • María de Jesús Márquez Dorantes; 'The institutional paradox of water investment in Mexico City: Institutional arrangements for trade-offs in actors’ objectives and their constraints to the sustainable development of the water sector.'
  • Matthew England; 'IWRM and Climate Change in India'
  • Virginia Hooper: 'Inter-sectoral water allocation in developing countries'

Teaching Interests

I take a similar approach to both teaching University students and the training of professionals – I employ a lot of experiential learning. This means that on the whole the session comprises a series of exercises, group discussions and games. The lecture material provides a structure in which these exercises can be embedded as well as reference to theory and further reading.

My main teaching has been on natural resources science and governance and water security at UEA with undergraduates and postgraduates.

Training has taken place both at UEA on various climate change and water security short-courses, but also overseas in countries as diverse as Laos, Zambia, Botswana and Mozambique.

Research Supervision

I am currently supervising the following research students:

  • Citalli Becerril-Tinoco'Institutional Analysis of Water Management in Mexico'
  • David Blake; 'Irrigationalism – the politics and ideology of irrigation development in the Nam Songkhram Basin, Northeast Thailand'
  • María de Jesús Márquez Dorantes'The institutional paradox of water investment in Mexico City: Institutional arrangements for trade-offs in actors’ objectives and their constraints to the sustainable development of the water sector.'
  • Matthew England; 'IWRM and Climate Change in India'
  • Virginia Hooper: 'Inter-sectoral water allocation in developing countries'

Recent and past students have included

Dorice Agol; ‘Linking Culture and Science: Water Resources in Kenya’

Henry Alhassan; ‘Large Dams: A Development Imperative, a Tyranny of Technology, or a Subversion of Southern Coutries Development: Case Studies of the Akosombo Dam and the Bui Dam Project of Ghana’

Nicholas Hepworth; ‘The Role of Regulatory Practice in Integrated Water Resource Management: Impacts, Implications and Insights for Progress via a Multiple Case Study of Sectoral Water Uses in Tanzania’

Joe Hill; ‘Water Rights and Water Governance in Chotanagpur, Jharkhand’

Suzanty Sitorus; ‘Linkages between Water, Politics and Territoriality in the Implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management: The Case in Indonesia'

Julien Cour; ‘Understanding the Needs of Institutions for the Development of Water Resource Management 'Decision Aids' Software: Learning from the Ruaha Basin, Tanzania’