Biography

My principal research examines the impact that the natural environment has upon human health. Such research if often statistical using time series approaches to associate health outcomes (e.g. waterborne disease outbreaks) with weather events (e.g. extreme rainfall), or medical geography focussed to examine whether the environment plays a role in the spatial distribution of disease. Another key strand of my research is using GIS to link health outcome data with environmental conditions. This GIS expertise has enabled me to work additionally on ecologically focussed projects within the School. My research has been undertaken for a wide range of funders including Research Councils, Charitable Trusts and Government Departments. I have over 60 peer-reviewed publications and according to Scopus have been cited nearly 1400 times and according to Google Scholar 2900 times (h-index 23). My research focuses on three themes:

1. Gastroenterology: Much of my work originally focussed upon links between Cryptosporidium and weather. This then developed to examine the spatial patterns of gastrointestinal infections (e.g. Cryptosporidum, Crohns disease) to see whether these were associated with environmental conditions in the vicinity. Such conditions included agricultural land use, socioeconomic factors and water supply management. In terms of water supply management I am part of a team that has highlighted the poor quality of many private drinking water supplies in the UK. Campylobacter is now a major part of my research and I am a PI of the UK research council funded Campylobacter project (www.enigmaproject.org.uk) which aims to improve our understanding of how Campylobacter moves from the natural environment into humans.

2. Climate Change and Health: The research of ourselves and others has shown that the natural environment affects human health. Therefore, if climate change alters the natural environment, it is likely that human health will be affected. I am lead author of the Department of Health / Health Protection Agency report 'Health Impacts of Climate Change in the UK, in which I jointly authored the chapter on food and waterborne disease. I was also PI of a large Food Standards Agency report examining the likely impact of climate change upon food, which also considered impacts upon human nutrition (paper). I am PI on an innovative FP7 funded research (www.atopica.eu) examining the impact that climate change may have upon allergic diseases across Europe video.

In conjunction with one of my graduate students I have examined the likely consequences of climate change upon dengue fever in Mexico.

3. A final strand of my research focusses upon the role that river flooding my play in transferring persistent organic pollutants (e.g. Poly chlorinated biphenols, dioxins and polybrominated diphenly ethers) into the food chain. Much of our original research focussed upon milk production but has now been expanded to consider a wider range of food products.

Research opportunities

I always welcome email enquiries from potential PhD students. I would be particularly keen to recruit students looking at the influence of weather upon infectious diseases, but will seriously consider applicants wanting to work on one of my other areas of interest.  I would be happy to help with applications for external funding.

Other PhD Positions in School of Environmental Sciences

Click here for other current PhD opportunities in the School of Environmental Sciences.

Career History

  • 1991 - 1994: Undergraduate student in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.   
  • 1994 - 1998: PhD student in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.  Thesis title: Using GIS to implement the Hedonic Pricing Method
  • 1998 - 2004: Research Officer, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.
  • 2005 - 2009: Lecturer in Environmental Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.
  • 2009 - current: Senior Lecturer in Environmental Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.

Highlighted Publications

See All

Lake, I., Jones, N., Agnew, M., Goodess, C., Giorgi, F., Hamaoui-Laguel, L., Semenov, M., Solomin, F., Storkey, J., Vautard, R., Epstein, M.

(2017)

Climate Change and Future Pollen Allergy in Europe,

in Environmental Health Perspectives

125.

pp. 385–391

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lake, I., Foxall, C., Fernandes, A., Lewis, M., Rose, M., White, O., Lovett, A., White, S., Dowding, A., Mortimer, D.

(2015)

The Effects of Flooding on Dioxin and PCB Levels in Food Produced on Industrial River Catchments,

in Environment International

77.

pp. 106–115

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Colón-González, F. J., Fezzi, C., Lake, I. R., Hunter, P. R.

(2013)

The effects of weather and climate change on dengue,

in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

7.

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lake, I. R., Hooper, L., Abdelhamid, A., Bentham, G., Boxall, A. B. A., Draper, A., Fairweather-Tait, S., Hulme, M., Hunter, P. R., Nichols, G., Waldron, K. W.

(2012)

Climate change and food security: health impacts in developed countries,

in Environmental Health Perspectives

120.

pp. 1520-1526

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Colon-Gonzalez, F., Lake, I., Bentham, G.

(2011)

Climate variability and dengue fever in warm and humid Mexico,

in American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

84.

pp. 757-763

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


All Publications

See Highlights
<- Page 1 of 4 ->

Lake, I., Jones, N., Agnew, M., Goodess, C., Giorgi, F., Hamaoui-Laguel, L., Semenov, M., Solomin, F., Storkey, J., Vautard, R., Epstein, M.

(2017)

Climate Change and Future Pollen Allergy in Europe,

in Environmental Health Perspectives

125

pp. 385–391

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Jones, N. R., Millman, C., van der Es, M., Hukelova, M., Forbes, K. J., Glover, C., Haldenby, S., Hunter, P. R., Jackson, K., O'Brien, S., Rigby, D., Strachan, N. J. C., Williams, N., Lake, I. R.

(2017)

A novel sampling method for assessing human-pathogen interactions in the natural environment using boot socks and citizen scientists, with an application to the seasonality of Campylobacter,

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(E-pub ahead of print)


Edmunds, K., Abd Elrahman, S., Bell, D., Brainard, J., Dervisevic, S., P Fedha, T., Few, R., Howard, G., Lake, I., Maes, P., Matofari, J., Minnigh, H., Mohamedani, A. A., Montgomery, M., Morter, S., Muchiri, E., Mudau, L. S., Mutua, B. M., Ndambuki, J. M., Pond, K., Sobsey, M. D., Van der Es, M., Zeitoun, M., Hunter, P.

(2016)

Recommendations for dealing with waste contaminated with Ebola virus: a Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Points approach,

in Bulletin WHO

94

(6)

pp. 424-432

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Hornigold, K., Lake, I., Dolman, P.

(2016)

Recreational use of the countryside: No evidence that high nature value enhances a key ecosystem service,

in PLoS ONE

11

(11)

article no. e0165043

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Elliot, A., Hughes, H., Astbury, J., Nixon, G., Brierley, K., Vivancos, R., Inns, T., Decraene, V., Platt, K., Lake, I., O’Brien, S., Smith, G.

(2016)

The potential impact of media reporting in syndromic surveillance: an example using a possible Cryptosporidium exposure in North West England, August to September 2015,

in Eurosurveillance

21

(41)

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Morbey, R., Elliot, A. J., Smith, G. E., Lake, I., Colón-González, F. J.

(2016)

Using scenarios and simulations to validate syndromic surveillance systems,

Full Text

(Abstract)

(Published)


Lake, I., Colón-González, F. J., Morbey, R., Elliot, A. J., Smith, G. E., Pebody, R.

(2016)

Evaluating syndromic surveillance systems,

Full Text

(Abstract)

(Published)


Colón-González, F. J., Lake, I., Barker, G., Smith, G. E., Elliot, A. J., Morbey, R.

(2016)

Using Bayesian networks to assist decision-making in syndromic surveillance,

Full Text

(Abstract)

(Published)


Lake, I., Foxall, C., Fernandes, A., Lewis, M., Rose, M., White, O., Lovett, A., White, S., Dowding, A., Mortimer, D.

(2015)

The Effects of Flooding on Dioxin and PCB Levels in Food Produced on Industrial River Catchments,

in Environment International

77

pp. 106–115

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Forster, J., Lake, I., Watkinson, A., Gill, J.

(2014)

Marine dependent livelihoods and resilience to environmental change: A case study of Anguilla,

in Marine Policy

45

pp. 204-212

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lake, I., Foxall, C., Fernandes, A., Lewis, M., White, O., Mortimer, D., Dowding, A., Rose, M.

(2014)

The effects of river flooding on dioxin and PCBs in beef,

in Science of the Total Environment

491-492

pp. 184–191

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Bouzid, M., Colón-González, F. J., Lung, T., Lake, I., Hunter, P.

(2014)

Climate change and the emergence of vector-borne diseases in Europe: Case study of dengue fever,

in BMC Public Health

14

article no. 781

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Lake, I., Foxall, C., Fernandes, A., Lewis, M., Rose, M., White, O., Dowding, A.

(2013)

Seasonal variations in the levels of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PBDEs in cows' milk,

in Chemosphere

90

(1)

pp. 72-79

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Few, R., Lake, I., Hunter, P. R., Tran, P. G.

(2013)

Seasonality, disease and behavior: Using multiple methods to explore socio-environmental health risks in the Mekong Delta,

in Social Science and Medicine

80

pp. 1-9

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Wright, H., Collar, N., Norin, N., Vann, R., Ko, S., Pherun, S., Lake, I., Dolman, P.

(2013)

Experimental test of a conservation intervention for a highly threatened waterbird.,

in Journal of Wildlife Management

77

(8)

pp. 1610-1617

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Colón-González, F. J., Fezzi, C., Lake, I. R., Hunter, P. R.

(2013)

The effects of weather and climate change on dengue,

in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

7

(11)

article no. e2503

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Jones, N., Lake, I.

(2013)

The combined impact of rural residence and socio-economic status on premature mortality,

in Health and Place

24

pp. 90-96

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Wright, H., Collar, N., Lake, I., Dolman, P.

(2013)

Amphibian concentrations in desiccating mud may determine the breeding season of the white-shouldered ibis (pseudibis davisoni ),

in Auk

130

(4)

pp. 774-783

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Forster, J., Schuhmann, P., Lake, I., Watkinson, A., Gill, J.

(2012)

The influence of hurricane risk on tourist destination choice in the Caribbean,

in Climatic Change

114

(3-4)

pp. 745-768

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)

(Published)


Nichols, G., Lake, I.

(2012)

Water and food-borne diseases under climate change,

in Health Effects of Climate Change in the UK 2012: Current evidence, recommendations and research gaps.

Health Protection Agency

UEA Repository

(Chapter)

(Published)


<- Page 1 of 4 ->

Key Research Interests

My principal research examines the impact that the natural environment has upon human health. Such research if often statistical using time series approaches to associate health outcomes (e.g. waterborne disease outbreaks) with weather events (e.g. extreme rainfall), or medical geography focussed to examine whether the environment plays a role in the spatial distribution of disease. Another key strand of my research is using GIS to link health outcome data with environmental conditions. My GIS expertise has enabled me to work additionally on ecologically focussed projects within the School. My research has been undertaken for a wide range of funders including Research Councils, Charitable Trusts and Government Departments. I have over 50 peer-reviewed publications and according to Scopus have been cited nearly 800 times and according to Google Scholar 1300 times (h-index 18). My research focuses on three themes:

1. Gastroenterology: Much of my work originally focussed upon links between Cryptosporidium and weather. This then developed to examine the spatial patterns of gastrointestinal infections (e.g. Cryptosporidum, Crohns disease) to see whether these were associated with environmental conditions in the vicinity. Such conditions included agricultural land use, socioeconomic factors and water supply management. In terms of water supply management I am part of a team that has highlighted the poor quality of many private drinking water supplies in the UK. Campylobacter is now a major part of my research and I am a PI of the UK research council funded Campylobacter project (www.enigmaproject.org.uk) which aims to improve our understanding of how Campylobacter moves from the natural environment into humans.

2. Climate Change and Health: The research of ourselves and others has shown that the natural environment affects human health. Therefore, if climate change alters the natural environment, it is likely that human health will be affected. I am lead author of the Department of Health / Health Protection Agency report 'Health Impacts of Climate Change in the UK, in which I jointly authored the chapter on food and waterborne disease. I was also PI of a large Food Standards Agency report examining the likely impact of climate change upon food, which also considered impacts upon human nutrition. I am PI on an innovative FP7 funded research (www.atopica.eu) examining the impact that climate change may have upon allergic diseases across Europe. In conjunction with one of my graduate students I have examined the likely consequences of climate change upon dengue fever in Mexico.

3. A final strand of my research focusses upon the role that river flooding my play in transferring persistent organic pollutants (e.g. Poly chlorinated biphenols, dioxins and polybrominated diphenly ethers) into the food chain. Much of our original research focussed upon milk production but has now been expanded to consider a wider range of food products.

Research opportunities

I always welcome enquiries from potential PhD students. I would be particularly keen to recruit students looking at the influence of weather upon infectious diseases, but will seriously consider applicants wanting to work on one of my other areas of interest.  I would be happy to help with applications for external funding.

Professional Activities

  • Department of Health / Health Protection Agency report co-author 'Health Impacts of Climate Change in the UK' 2012
  • Swedish Research Council (Formas) Climate change panel assessment member 2012-2014
  • Author LWEC Health Climate Change Impacts Report card 2014

Key Responsibilities

  • Deputy Director of EnvEast DTP