Biography

My research focuses on the study of marine planktonic organisms which are responsible for the production and consumption of gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide and methane. I completed my first degree in Marine Zoology and my PhD in Public Health Engineering (studying the micro-organisms which produce methane in marine sediments and how they might be used to break down salty industrial wastewaters) at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. I then moved to the University of Wales in Bangor to investigate the impact of nutrients on the growth of plankton in the Mediterranean Sea, the uptake of carbon dioxide by phytoplankton in the North Atlantic, the effect of melting sea ice on the growth of plankton in the Antarctic and the effect of hydrothermal vents on plankton growth in the Mediterranean Sea. I was awarded a NERC Advanced Research Fellowship to study marine plankton respiration, and moved to Plymouth Marine Laboratory. In Plymouth I studied the seasonal, inter-annual and latitudinal variability in the balance between bacterial production of carbon dioxide and phytoplankton uptake of carbon dioxide and the impact of light and nutrients such as iron, phosphate and nitrate on plankton growth.

Throughout this time I was an enthusiastic diver and diver trainer, spending as much time as possible diving or teaching people how to dive. I qualified as a British Sub Aqua Club National Instructor and spent time as the South West Regional Coach and the UK Open Water Instructor Chief Examiner.

I moved to UEA in 2007 in order to combine my research on plankton production and consumption of climate relevant gases in a changing environment with teaching marine science.

My international commitments include being Vice Chair of the Integrated Marine Biogeochemical and Ecological Research programme (IMBER) and Deputy Chair of the European Research Council (ERC) Fellowship Review Panel. I am a Fellow of the Society of Biology and a past President of the Challenger Society for Marine Science.

My personal twitter account is @CarolRobinson8.

Career History

  • 2007 - present: Reader in Marine Biogeochemistry, University of East Anglia
  • 2000 - 2007: Senior Scientist (Head of Science, Biogeochemistry), Plymouth Marine Laboratory
  • 1996 - 2001: NERC Advanced Research Fellow, Plymouth Marine Laboratory
  • 1988 - 1996: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Wales; Bangor 
  • 1987 - 1988: Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
  • 1987 Ph.D. Civil Engineering (Public Health) University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
  • 1982 B.Sc. Zoology (Marine) University of Newcastle Upon Tyne

PhD Positions

Click here for current PhD opportunities in the School of Environmental Sciences.  However,feel free to email me to discuss projects outside these areas and alternative sources of funding.

All Publications

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Jiao, N., Robinson, C., Azam, F., Thomas, H., Baltar, F., Dang, H., Hardman-mountford, N. J., Johnson, M., Kirchman, D. L., Koch, B. P., Legendre, L., Li, C., Liu, J., Luo, T., Luo, Y., Mitra, A., Romanou, A., Tang, K., Wang, X., Zhang, C., Zhang, R.

(2014)

Mechanisms of microbial carbon sequestration in the ocean – future research directions

in Biogeosciences

11.

pp. 5285-5306

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Pan, X., Achterberg, E., Sanders, R., Poulton, A., Oliver, K., Robinson, C.

(2014)

Dissolved organic carbon and apparent oxygen utilization in the Atlantic Ocean

in Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers

85.

pp. 80-87

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Kitidis, V., Tilstone, G., Serret, P., Smyth, T., Torres, R., Robinson, C.

(2014)

Oxygen photolysis in the Mauritanian upwelling: Implications for net community production

in Limnology & Oceanography

59.

pp. 299-310

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Loucaides, S., Tyrrell, T., Achterberg, E., Torres, R., Nightingale, P., Kitidis, V., Serret, P., Woodward, M., Robinson, C.

(2012)

Biological and physical forcing of carbonate chemistry in an upwelling filament off northwest Africa: Results from a Lagrangian study

in Global Biogeochemical Cycles

26.

pp. 1-13

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Bryden, H., Robinson, C., Griffiths, G.

(2012)

Changing Currents: A Strategy for Understanding and Predicting the Changing Ocean Circulation.

in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

370.

pp. 5461-5479

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Bryden, H., Robinson, C., Griffiths, G.

(2012)

Prospectus for UK Marine Science.

in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

370.

pp. 5453-5700

(Special issue)


Jiao, N., Robinson, C., Kattner, G.

(2011)

The microbial carbon pump: Emerging issues workshop report

in ASLO Bulletin

20.

pp. 37-38

(Editorial)


Robinson, C., Ramaiah, N.

(2011)

Microbial Heterotrophic Metabolic Rates Constrain the Microbial Carbon Pump.

in Science

332.

pp. 52-53

UEA Repository

(Article)


Burd, A., Hansell, D., Steinberg, D., Anderson, T., Aristegui, J., Baltar, F., Beaupre, S., Buesseler, K., Dehairs, F., Jackson, G., Kadko, D., Koppelmann, R., Lampitt, R., Nagata, T., Reinthaler, T., Robinson, C., Robison, B., Tamburini, C., Tanaka, T.

(2010)

Assessing the apparent imbalance between geochemical and biochemical indicators of meso- and bathypelagic biological activity: What the @#! is wrong with present calculations of carbon budgets?

in Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

57.

pp. 1557-1571

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Robinson, C., Steinberg, D., Anderson, T., Aristegui, J., Carlson, C., Frost, J., Ghiglione, J., Hernandez-Leon, S., Jackson, G., Koppelmann, R., Queguier, B., Ragueneau, O., Rassoulzadegan, F., Robison, B., Tamburini, C., Tanaka, T., Wishner, K., Zhang, J.

(2010)

Mesopelagic zone ecology and biogeochemistry - A synthesis

in Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

57.

pp. 1504-1518

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Forster, G., Upstill-Goddard, R., Gist, N., Robinson, C., Uher, G., Woodward, E.

(2009)

Nitrous oxide and methane in the Atlantic Ocean between 50 degrees North and 52 degrees South: Latitudinal distribution and sea-to-air flux

in Deep-Sea Research II

56.

pp. 964-976

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Gist, N., Serret, P., Woodward, E., Chamberlain, K., Robinson, C.

(2009)

Seasonal and spatial variability in plankton production and respiration in the Subtropical Gyres of the Atlantic Ocean

in Deep-Sea Research II

pp. 931-940

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Robinson, C., Holligan, P., Jickells, T., Lavender, S.

(2009)

The Atlantic Meridional Transect Programme (1995-2012)

in Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

56.

pp. 895-898

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Robinson, C., Tilstone, G., Rees, A., Smyth, T., Fishwick, J., Tarran, G., Luz, B., Barkan, E., David, E.

(2009)

Comparison of in vitro and in situ plankton production determinations

in Aquatic Microbial Ecology

54.

pp. 13-34

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Serret, P., Robinson, C., Fernandez, E., Tiera, E., Tilstone, G., Perez, V.

(2009)

Predicting plankton net community production in the Atlantic Ocean

in Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography

56.

pp. 941-953

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Robinson, C.

(2008)

Heterotrophic bacterial respiration

In: Microbial Ecology of the Oceans.

John Wiley & Sons, Inc

UEA Repository

(Chapter)


Robinson, C., Owens, N.

(2008)

Patrick Michael Holligan, a short biography

in Journal of Plankton Research

30.

pp. 95-106

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Maranon, E., Perez, V., Fernandez, E., Anadon, R., Bode, A., Gonzalez, N., Huskin, I., Isla, A., Moran, X., Mourino, B., Quevedo, M., Robinson, C., Serret, P., Teira, E., Varela, M., Woodward, E., Zubkov, M.

(2007)

Planktonic carbon budget in the eastern subtropical North Atlantic

in Aquatic Microbial Ecology

48.

pp. 261-275

UEA Repository

(Article)


Quay, P., Sonnerup, R., Stutsman, J., Maurer, J., Kortzinger, A., Padin, X., Robinson, C.

(2007)

Anthropogenic CO2 accumulation rates in the North Atlantic Ocean from changes in the 13C/12C of dissolved inorganic carbon

in Global Biogeochemical Cycles

21.

Full Text UEA Repository

(Article)


Reinthaler, T., Van Aken, H., Veth, C., Aristegui, J., Robinson, C., Williams, P. L. B., Lebaron, P., Herndl, G.

(2006)

Prokaryotic respiration and production in the meso- and bathypelagic realm of the eastern and western North Atlantic basin

in Limnology and Oceanography

51.

pp. 1262-1273

UEA Repository

(Article)


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Key Research Interests

Recent research grants for which I was the Principal Investigator include a NERC consortium - the Atlantic Meridional Transect programme - which aimed to quantify the nature & causes of ecological & biogeochemical variability in the planktonic ecosystems of the Atlantic Ocean and a NERC SOLAS grant to investigate the impact of upwelled water along the Mauritanian coast on open ocean biogeochemistry and air-sea exchange of climatically important gases. I was also a co-investigator on a NERC grant to investigate spatial variability in marine productivity using underwater gliders. I have participated in ca. 30 open ocean research cruises, coastal mesocosm experiments and coastal time series studies, including a 3 month stay at the Australian Antarctic base DAVIS.

I’m currently funded to study plankton respiration (NERC Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry) and plankton metabolism (Spanish National Research Council) in a changing environment. Current projects link organic and inorganic chemistry, photochemistry, microbial ecology, plankton physiology, remote sensing, numerical models, and the use of tracers, gliders and time series datasets. My current PhD students are studying the link between bacterial respiration and community structure, the relationship between phytoplankton community structure and cycling of carbon dioxide in the North Atlantic and zooplankton mediated carbon flux in the South Atlantic.

I maintain a publicly available global database of plankton community respiration.

Click here for latest version of respiration database

Latest cv : https://lred.uea.ac.uk/documents/541248/6733668/Robinson+CV+Sep+2014.pdf/d3c3d1d1-0442-463c-b66d-4a67b283531d


Publications: EPrints Digital Repository

Research Group Membership

Current PDRAs

Dr Enma Elena Garcia Martin

Previous PDRAs

Dr Niki Gist

Current PGR Students - as main supervisor

Cansu Bayindirli    

Clare Ostle 

Current PGR Students - as co-supervisor

Alida Rosales Villa

Cecilia Liszka

Completed PGR Students

Dr Katy Owen

Dr Chris Brown

Dr Johanna Gloel

Dr Raffaella Nobili

Dr Rhiannon Mather (University of Liverpool)

Dr Rachel U Shelley (University of Plymouth)  

Ms Jenna Robinson  (MPhil University of Newcastle upon Tyne)

Teaching Interests

My teaching interests include biological, microbiological and chemical oceanography.  I teach environmental chemistry on the first year fieldcourse, on second year modules in Chemical Oceanography and the Marine Sciences Fieldcourse, third year modules in Biological Oceanography and the Carbon Cycle and Climate Change and Masters modules in Biological Oceanography, Carbon Cycle and Marine Sciences.

I have been the external examiner for the BSc in Oceanography at the University of Liverpool (2010-2012) and the MSc in Oceanography at the University of Southampton (2009-2012), and a PhD examiner at the Universities of Southampton, Bristol, Liverpool, Dundee, Swansea and Marseilles.

External Activities and Indicators of Esteem

  • 2012 - present Vice Chair of the EU FP7 People-ITN Marie Curie Review Panel
  • 2012 - present Chair of the Steering Committee for the NERC Facility for Scientific Diving
  • 2011 - present Editor for Biogeosciences, European Geoscience Union (Impact Factor 3.9)
  • 2006 - present Editor for Ocean Science, European Geoscience Union (Impact Factor 2.2)
  • 2011 - present Member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the British Indian Ocean Territories, Foreign & Commonwealth Office
  • 2011 - 2013 Member of the External Advisory Board for the FP7 Network of Excellence EuroMarine
  • 2011 - present Associate Editor ASLO e-lectures
  • 2010 - 2013 Vice Chair of the Scientific Steering Committee of the IGBP/SCOR programme ‘Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecological Research’ (IMBER) http://www.imber.info/
  • 2010 - present Deputy Chair of the European Research Council Fellowship Review Panel
  • 2010 Fellow of the Society of Biology FSB (Chartered Biologist CBiol)
  • 2009 - 2013 UK IGBP National Committee
  • 2008 - 2010 President of the Challenger Society for Marine Science
  • 2006 - 2010 Member of the scientific steering committee of the SCOR sponsored programme GEOTRACES http://www.geotraces.org/

Key Responsibilities

I have held several research and teaching administrative posts, including ENV Senior Advisor, Disability Awareness Officer, On- and in-water safety officer and Co-Head of the Atmospheres and Oceans sector, and have been a member of Teaching Executive, the Undergraduate Affairs Committee, the Promotions Committee, the Equipment Committee and the Postgraduate Research Committee.

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