Joanne Clarke joined the UEA in 2001. She is an archaeologist with extensive fieldwork experience in Cyprus, the Near East and North Africa. Joanne currently directs excavations at two prehistoric sites in Kalavasos, Cyprus and she jointly directs a programme of archaeological and environmental research in Western Sahara. Her principal research interest is human adaptation to, and exploitation of, rapid changes in climate and environment in the early and middle Holocene. Dr Clarke's foci of interest are the social changes that took place during the late Neolithic (the 8.2 Kyr event) and the Chalcolithic (the 5.9-5.1 Kyr event). Dr Clarke recently led a Research Network funded by the AHRC's Landscape and Environment Programme entitled Environmental Change in Prehistory.
Dr Clarke teaches both undergraduates and postragraduates archaeology, the archaeology of art, the archaeology of the ancient Near East and the Sahara. Dr Clarke also has a number of PhD students working on both African and Near Eastern topics.
Before joining the School of World Art Studies, Dr Clarke served as Jerusalem Director for the Council for British Research in the Levant, and Acting Director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem. She has also worked for the National Museums Scotland, and held the JRB Stewart Fellowship in Cypriot Archaeology at the University of Sydney.
B.A. Archaeology; University of Sydney (1987)
Ph.D. Archaeology; University of Edinburgh (1998)
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Burial Practices in Western SaharaUEA Repository
Climatic changes and social transformations in the Near East and North Africa during the 'long 4th millennium BC: A comparative study of environmental and archaeological evidenceFull Text UEA Repository
Ceramics 1. Neolithic - ChalcolithicUEA Repository
Ceramic Neolithic Pottery in Cyprus - Origin, Technology and Possible Implications for Social Structure and IdentityFull Text UEA Repository
Cyprus During the Neolithic PeriodUEA Repository
Prehistory of the Western Sahara: A Synthesis of Fieldwork, 2002 to 2009UEA Repository
Decorating the Neolithic: An evaluation of the use of plaster in the enhancement of daily life in the Middle PPNB of the southern Levant.UEA Repository
Connections Between Cyprus and the Near East in the Later NeolithicUEA Repository
Contextualising Neolithic Cyprus: Preliminary Investigations into Connections Between Cyprus and the Near East in the Later NeolithicUEA Repository
Excavations at Kalavasos-Kokkinogia, 2004-2007
The Archaeology of Western Sahara: Results of Environmental and Archaeological ReconnaissanceUEA Repository
Site diversity in Cyprus in the late 5th millenium BCUEA Repository
The 1940s Excavations at Kalavasos-Kokkinogia and Kalavasos-PampoulesUEA Repository
New Light in Ancient Pits. The 1940s Excavations at Kalavasos-Pamboules, CyprusUEA Repository
On the Margins of Southwest Asia: Cyprus in the 6th to 4th Millennia BCUEA Repository
Archaeological Perspectives on the Transmission and Transformation of Culture: A View from the Eastern MediterraneanUEA Repository
Gaza Research Project Report of 1999 and 2000 seasons of al-MoghragaUEA Repository
Egyptian Funerary Cones from el-Mogharaqa, GazaUEA Repository
Style and Society in Ceramic Neolithic CyprusUEA Repository
Insularity and Identity in Prehistoric CyprusUEA Repository
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Key Research Interests
Human / environment interactions in prehistoric Cyprus
The archaeology and environment of Western Sahara
Human adaptations to climate change in prehistory
Current Research Projects
1. The Kalavasos Prehistoric Project, Cyprus Excavations at Kalavasos Kokkinoyia and Pamboules began in 2003 as part of a wider research programme examining long-term cultural change in prehistoric Cyprus. Kokkinoyia and Pamboules are two contiguous sites that were occupied from the end of the Ceramic Neolithic until the end of the Late Chalcolithic periods and Pamboules is one of only two multi-period prehistoric sites on the island. Detailed examination of these sites through excavation will contribute to an understanding of two poorly understood transitions on the island, the transition from the Late Neolithic period to the Chalcolithic period, which was marked by climatic upheaval, and the transition from the Late Chalcolithic period to the Early Bronze Age. More widely the documentation of these transitions will help toward understanding cultural changein early agricultural societies in general.
2. Western Sahara Project The Western Sahara Project aims to advance our understanding of the human past in a part of the Sahara in which very little research into archaeology and past environmental change has been carried out. The project aims to develop cultural and environmental chronologies and to understand how past human populations adapted to environmental changes throughout the Pleistocene and Holocene. A particular focus of the research is the nature of environmental and cultural change in the middle Holocene, during the transition from humid to arid conditions in the Sahara. Archaeological and palaeoenvironmental findings are related to the wider North African context, and the work of the project provides an opportunity to compare archaeological and palaeoenvironmental results with data from the central and eastern Sahara. Given the relative humidity of the inland regions of Western Sahara today relative to similar latitudes further east (due to a combination of occasional rainfall generated by both monsoonal and Atlantic westerly weather systems), it is speculated that much of Western Sahara may have acted as such a refuge during the period of the Saharan desiccation. One of the objectives of the project is to test this hypothesis by examining trends in the archaeological record within a regional Saharan context.
3. Ceramic Studies I am trained in ceramic studies and have worked as a ceramics analyst on a number of field projects (listed below). My particular interest is how technology can elucidate cultural phenomena. A current theory is that cultural phenomena are embedded in everyday practices. A method by which we can explore cultural phenomena then is by studying these practices. Ceramic technology is an everyday practice that is heavily imbued with cultural meaning and therefore appropriate for this research approach.
- Early agricultural societies in the Levant and Cyprus
- The archaeology of the Sahara
- The role of art, ritual and performance in prehistoric North Africa, Europe and the Near East
Interested in supervising research students in all areas of archaeological and material culture studies.
Examples of modules taught:
- Introduction to Archaeology (Level 1 UG)
- Introduction to Archaeological Fieldwork (Level 2 UG)
- The Archaeology of Cyprus (Level 2 UG)
- The Art and Archaeology of Mesopotamia (Level 3 UG)
- Endangered Heritage (MA module)
Chair of the British Association of Near Eastern Archaeology
External Examiner of the BA Archaeology, University of Manchester
Editor of the academic series Arid Zone Archaeology
Director of Employability for ART
Course Director, Archaeology, Anthropology and Art History